Marlène Bouvier

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The cell surface display of peptides by MHC class I molecules to lymphocytes provides the host with an important surveillance mechanism to protect against invading pathogens. However, in turn, viruses have evolved elegant strategies to inhibit various stages of the MHC class I antigen presentation pathway and prevent the display of viral peptides. This(More)
We examined interactions in a soluble tapasin (TPN)/HLA-B*0801 complex to gain mechanistic insights into the functions of TPN. Results show that TPN acts as a chaperone by increasing the ratio of active-to-inactive peptide-deficient HLA-B*0801 molecules in solution. TPN causes peptides to associate and dissociate faster owing to its effect on widening the(More)
The thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase ERp57 is a soluble protein of the endoplasmic reticulum and the closest known homologue of protein disulfide isomerase. The protein interacts with the two lectin chaperones calnexin and calreticulin and thereby promotes the oxidative folding of newly synthesized glycoproteins. Here we have characterized several fundamental(More)
The cell-surface presentation of antigenic peptides by class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules to CD8+ T-cell receptors is part of an immune surveillance mechanism aimed at detecting foreign antigens. This process is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with the folding and assembly of class I MHC molecules which are then transported(More)
Cytotoxic and helper T cells respond to peptides derived from endogenous and exogenous sources that bind to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and class II molecules and are presented on antigen-presenting cells. MHC class I and class II structures and maturation pathways have evolved to optimize antigen presentation to their respective T cells.(More)
The E3-19K protein from human adenoviruses (Ads) retains class I MHC molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum. As a consequence, the cell surface expression of class I molecules is suppressed, allowing Ads to evade immune surveillance. Using native gel electrophoresis, gel filtration chromatography, and surface plasmon resonance, we show that a soluble form(More)
HLA-A*1101 is one of the most common human class I alleles worldwide. An increased frequency of HLA-A*1101 has been observed in cohorts of female sex workers from Northern Thailand who are highly exposed to HIV-1 and yet have remained persistently seronegative. In view of this apparent association of HLA-A*1101 with resistance to acquisition of HIV-1(More)
Calreticulin (CRT) is a soluble chaperone involved in the conformational maturation of glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. Using biochemical and biophysical techniques including circular dichroism, proteolysis, and analytical ultracentrifugation, we have determined the effects of calcium and zinc ions on the structural properties of human CRT.(More)
The processing of MHC class I antigenic precursor peptides by the endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1) and ERAP2 is an important event in the cell biology of antigen presentation. To date, the molecular context by which the ERAP enzymes trim precursor peptides, and how ERAPs shape peptide repertoires, remain open questions. Using ERAP1 and ERAP2(More)
A major goal of vaccine research for the prevention of AIDS is to determine the immune correlates of protection against HIV-1 infection. In this context, it is of interest to understand how HLA-A*1101, a significantly more prevalent class I allele in a cohort of highly HIV-1-exposed persistently seronegative individuals, functions in relation to protective(More)