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Human severe combined immunodeficiencies (SCID) are phenotypically and genotypically heterogeneous diseases. Reticular dysgenesis is the most severe form of inborn SCID. It is characterized by absence of granulocytes and almost complete deficiency of lymphocytes in peripheral blood, hypoplasia of the thymus and secondary lymphoid organs, and lack of innate(More)
Necrosis is a characteristic feature of advanced solid tumors. Released necrotic factors, also referred to as damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), are known to critically impact the tumor microenvironment by enhancing angiogenesis or influencing the immune response. We have recently shown that DAMPs can act as chemoattractants and activators of(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Human mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) represent a potential resource not only for regenerative medicine but also for immunomodulatory cell therapies. The application of different MSC culture protocols has significantly hampered the comparability of experimental and clinical data from different laboratories and has posed a major(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are the focus of research in regenerative medicine aiming at the regulatory approval of these cells for specific indications. To cope with the regulatory requirements for somatic cell therapy, novel approaches that do not interfere with the natural behavior of the cells are necessary. In this context in vivo(More)
The immune reconstitution after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation comprises thymus-dependent and thymus-independent pathways. We wanted to improve the understanding of this complex process using two different measurements at definite checkpoints of T-cell neogenesis. We therefore assessed the thymus-dependent pathway by combining(More)
BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease constitutes a serious complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. For the clearance of CMV, CD8+ T cells are pivotal. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Here, the novel streptamer technology was used at good manufacturing practice (GMP) level for adoptive transfer of CMV-specific T cells into acute leukemia(More)
BACKGROUND Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been utilized for cardiac regeneration after myocardial damage. Their clinical effects are marginal and only a minority of administered cells could make their way into the myocardium. The chemokine receptor CXCR4 has been identified as crucial for migration and homing of stem cells. In this study we(More)
Simple stress or necrotic cell death with subsequent release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) is a characteristic feature of most advanced tumors. DAMPs within the tumor microenvironment stimulate tumor-associated cells, including dendritic cells and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). The presence of tumor-infiltrating MSCs is associated with(More)
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemias (CDAs) are phenotypically and genotypically heterogeneous diseases. CDA type II (CDAII) is the most frequent CDA. It is characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis and by the presence of bi- and multinucleated erythroblasts in bone marrow, with nuclei of equal size and DNA content, suggesting a cytokinesis disturbance.(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) can influence various immune responses. Little is known about the effects of the Abl/Src kinase inhibitor dasatinib on Tregs which regulate anti-tumor/leukaemia immune responses. The present study demonstrated that dasatinib inhibited proliferation of Tregs and CD4+CD25- T cells in a dose-dependent manner, which was(More)