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In order to examine the effect of dopamine on semantic processing, we performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Healthy volunteers (n = 31) were tested in a lexical decision paradigm after ingestion of either L-dopa 100 mg with benserazide 25 mg or placebo. While direct semantic priming was influenced only marginally by L-dopa, the indirect(More)
The effects of a 3-week computerised alertness training on chronic (>3 months) visuospatial hemineglect were investigated prospectively in seven patients by means of neuropsychological tests and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Following the alertness training, the group showed improved alertness and a significant improvement in the performance(More)
Transcranial direct current stimulation is a painless, non-invasive brain stimulation technique that allows one to induce polarity-specific excitability changes in the human brain. Here, we investigated, for the first time in a 'proof of principle' study, the behavioural effect of transcranial direct current stimulation on visuospatial attention in both(More)
PURPOSE It has been proposed that the right hemisphere alerting network co-activates, either directly or via the brainstem, the spatial attention system in the parietal cortex. The observation that measures of impaired alertness and sustained attention can be used to predict the outcome of neglect might suggest such a relationship, too. The aim of the(More)
Attention deficits belong to the main cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia and come along with altered neural activity in previously described cerebral networks. Given the high heritability of schizophrenia the question arises if impaired function of these networks is modulated by susceptibility genes and detectable in healthy risk allele carriers. The(More)
The deficit to reorient attention from ipsilesional to contralesional space is one key feature of the spatial neglect syndrome. As previous studies suggest that reorienting of visuospatial attention is modulated by cholinergic neurotransmission, we investigated whether cholinergic stimulation with nicotine (Nicorette 2 mg, Pharmacia/Pfizer, Helsingborg,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genetic studies found the A allele of the variant rs1006737 in the alpha 1C subunit of the L-type voltage-gated calcium channel (CACNA1C) gene to be over-represented in patients with psychosis, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. In these disorders, attention deficits are among the main cognitive(More)
INTRODUCTION Memory dysfunction is a prominent feature in schizophrenia. Impairments of declarative memory have been consistently linked to alterations especially within hippocampal-prefrontal regions. Due to the high heritability of schizophrenia, susceptibility genes and their modulatory impact on the neural correlates on memory are of major relevance. In(More)
Episodic memory impairment is a frequently reported symptom in schizophrenia. It has been shown to be associated with reduced neural activity of the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Given the high heritability of schizophrenia the question arises if alterations in brain activity are modulated by susceptibility genes and might be detectable in healthy risk(More)