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The human pathogen Helicobacter pylori colonizes the mucous layer of the stomach. During parasitic infection, freely swimming bacteria adhere to the gastric epithelial cells and trigger intracellular signalling pathways. This process requires the translocation of the effector protein CagA into the host cell through a specialized type IV secretion system(More)
Development of severe gastric diseases is strongly associated with those strains of Helicobacter pylori that contain the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) inserted into the chromosome. The cag PAI encodes a type IV secretion system that translocates the major disease-associated virulence protein, CagA, into the host epithelial cell. CagA then affects host(More)
CagA is a multifunctional toxin of Helicobacter pylori that is secreted into host epithelial cells by a type IV secretion system. Following host cell translocation, CagA interferes with various host-cell signalling pathways. Most notably this toxin is involved in the disruption of apical-basolateral cell polarity and cell adhesion, as well as in the(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative pathogen that colonizes the stomachs of over half the world's population and causes a spectrum of gastric diseases including gastritis, ulcers, and gastric carcinoma. The H. pylori species exhibits unusually high levels of genetic variation between strains. Here we announce the complete genome sequence of H. pylori(More)
As an update to previously published recommendations for the management of Helicobacter pylori infection, an evidence-based appraisal of 14 topics was undertaken in a consensus conference sponsored by the Canadian Helicobacter Study Group. The goal was to update guidelines based on the best available evidence using an established and uniform methodology to(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component on the surface of Gram negative bacteria and is composed of lipid A-core and the O antigen polysaccharide. O polysaccharides of the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori contain Lewis antigens, mimicking glycan structures produced by human cells. The interaction of Lewis antigens with human dendritic cells(More)
Amphotericin B (AMB) concentrations were determined in pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (ELF) of 44 critically ill patients, who were receiving treatment with liposomal AMB (LAMB) (n = 11), AMB colloidal dispersion (ABCD) (n = 28), or AMB lipid complex (ABLC) (n = 5). Mean AMB levels (+/- standard errors of the means) in ELF amounted to 1.60 +/- 0.58, 0.38(More)
OBJECTIVE Reliability of diagnoses coding is essential for the use of routine data in a national health care system. The present investigation compares reliability of diagnoses coding with ICD-10 between three groups of coding subjects. METHOD One hundred and eighteen students coded 15 diagnoses lists, 27 medical managers from hospitals 34 discharge(More)
Detergent-resistant membranes of eukaryotic cells are enriched in many important cellular signalling molecules and frequently targeted by bacterial pathogens. To learn more about pathogenic mechanisms of Helicobacter pylori and to elucidate novel effects on host epithelial cells, we investigated how bacterial co-cultivation changes the protein composition(More)
Pathogenic strains of Helicobacter pylori use a type IV secretion system (T4SS) to deliver the toxin CagA into human host cells. The T4SS, along with the toxin itself, is coded into a genomic insert, which is termed the cag pathogenicity island. The cag pathogenicity island contains about 30 open-reading frames, for most of which the exact function is not(More)