Markus Schwab

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In vertebrate unfertilized eggs, metaphase arrest in Meiosis II is mediated by an activity known as cytostatic factor (CSF). CSF arrest is dependent upon Mos-dependent activation of the MAPK/Rsk pathway, and Rsk activates the spindle checkpoint kinase Bub1, leading to inhibition of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC), an E3 ubiquitin ligase required for(More)
BACKGROUND The kinetochore attachment (spindle assembly) checkpoint arrests cells in metaphase to prevent exit from mitosis until all the chromosomes are aligned properly at the metaphase plate. The checkpoint operates by preventing activation of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC), which triggers anaphase by degrading mitotic cyclins and other proteins.(More)
PDZ domains are small globular domains that recognize the last 4-7 amino acids at the C-terminus of target proteins. The specificity of the PDZ-ligand recognition is due to side chain-side chain interactions, as well as the positioning of an alpha-helix involved in ligand binding. We have used computer-aided protein design to produce mutant versions of a(More)
BACKGROUND During oocyte maturation in Xenopus, progesterone induces entry into meiosis I, and the M phases of meiosis I and II occur consecutively without an intervening S phase. The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is activated during meiotic entry, and it has been suggested that the linkage of M phases reflects activation of the MAP kinase pathway(More)
BACKGROUND Natural products are an important source of drugs and other commercially interesting compounds, however their isolation and production is often difficult. Metabolic engineering, mainly in bacteria and yeast, has sought to circumvent some of the associated problems but also this approach is impeded by technical limitations. Here we describe a(More)
This paper proceeds from the definition of teleradiology. It identifies three different generations of teleradiology systems and includes those systems that are not regarded as teleradiology systems by the authors. A list of requirements pertinent to users of first-generation teleradiology systems is introduced. Most of the requirements have been realized(More)
A cytoplasmic activity in mature oocytes responsible for second meiotic metaphase arrest was identified over 30 years ago in amphibian oocytes. In Xenopus oocytes cytostatic factor (CSF) activity is initiated by the progesterone-dependent synthesis of Mos, a MAPK kinase kinase that activates the MAPK pathway. CSF arrest is mediated by a sole MAPK target,(More)
Teleradiology is one of the most evolved areas of telemedicine, but one of the basic problems which remains unsolved concerns system compatibility. The DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) standard is a prerequisite, but it is not sufficient in all aspects. Examples of other currently open issues are security and cooperative work in(More)
Individual skin health attitudes are influenced by various factors, including public education campaigns, mass media, family, and friends. Evidence-based, educative information materials assist communication and decision-making in doctor-patient interactions. The present study aims at assessing the prevailing use of skin health information material and(More)