Markus Schmutz

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NMDA antagonists derived from 5-phosphonomethyl-1,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (3a) are potent anticonvulsant agents, and display strong protective effects in the electroshock-induced convulsion assay in mice. Their preference for the human NMDAR 1A/2A over 1A/2B subunit composition was optimized, leading to (1RS,1'S)-PEAQX (9r), which shows a >100-fold(More)
1 others did not find any evidence for subtypes (Wald-pression pattern of the two cloned subunits matches University of Geneva the brain distribution of GABA B binding sites (Bischoff CH-1211 Geneva 4 et al., 1999), and the heterodimeric GABA B(1,2) receptor Switzerland was shown to activate all well-characterized GABA B ef-fector pathways in transfected(More)
To study the role of mGlu7 receptors (mGluR7), we used homologous recombination to generate mice lacking this metabotropic receptor subtype (mGluR7(-/-)). After the serendipitous discovery of a sensory stimulus-evoked epileptic phenotype, we tested two convulsant drugs, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and bicuculline. In animals aged 12 weeks and older,(More)
GABA(B) (gamma-aminobutyric acid type B) receptors are important for keeping neuronal excitability under control. Cloned GABA(B) receptors do not show the expected pharmacological diversity of native receptors and it is unknown whether they contribute to pre- as well as postsynaptic functions. Here, we demonstrate that Balb/c mice lacking the GABA(B(1))(More)
Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are thought to modulate neurotoxicity of excitatory amino acids, via mechanisms of presynaptic inhibition, such as regulation of neurotransmitter release. Here, we describe (R,S)-4-phosphonophenylglycine (PPG) as a novel, potent, and selective agonist for group III mGluRs. In recombinant cell lines(More)
Protease nexin-1 (PN-1), a member of the serpin superfamily, controls the activity of extracellular serine proteases and is expressed in the brain. Mutant mice overexpressing PN-1 in brain under the control of the Thy-1 promoter (Thy 1/PN-1) or lacking PN-1 (PN-1-/-) were found to develop epileptic activity in vivo and in vitro. Theta burst-induced(More)
Anticonvulsant properties of CGP 37849 and CGP 39551, two novel phosphono-amino acids which are competitive NMDA receptor antagonists, were examined in rodents. At optimal pretreatment times CGP 37849 suppressed electroshock-induced seizures in mice and rats with ED50 s ranging from 8 to 22 mg/kg after oral administration, and 0.4 to 2.4 mg/kg after i. v.(More)
gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB), a metabolite of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), is proposed to function as a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator. gamma-Hydroxybutyrate and its prodrug, gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), recently received increased public attention as they emerged as popular drugs of abuse. The actions of GHB/GBL are believed to be mediated by GABAB(More)
GABAB receptors mediate slow synaptic inhibition in the nervous system. In transfected cells, functional GABAB receptors are usually only observed after coexpression of GABAB(1) and GABAB(2) subunits, which established the concept of heteromerization for G-protein-coupled receptors. In the heteromeric receptor, GABAB(1) is responsible for binding of GABA,(More)
We compared the effects of the antiepileptic drugs carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, and lamotrigine on the release from rat brain slices of endogenous glutamate, [3H]-GABA, and [3H]-dopamine, elicited by the Na+ channel opener, veratrine, and of the same transmitters as well as [3H]-noradrenaline, [3H]-5-hydroxytryptamine, and [3H]-acetylcholine, elicited by(More)