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Asymmetric cell divisions can be generated by the segregation of determinants into one of the two daughter cells. In Drosophila, neuroblasts divide asymmetrically along the apical-basal axis shortly after their delamination from the neuroectodermal epithelium. Several proteins, including Numb and Miranda, segregate into the basal daughter cell and are(More)
Phantom limb pain is a frequent consequence of the amputation of a body part. Based on the finding that phantom limb pain is closely associated with plastic changes in the primary somatosensory cortex and animal data showing that behaviourally relevant training alters the cortical map, we devised a sensory discrimination training programme for patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced recovery protocols may reduce postoperative complications and length of hospital stay. However, the implementation of these protocols requires time and financial investment. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of enhanced recovery implementation. METHODS The first 50 consecutive patients treated during implementation of an(More)
BACKGROUND The aim if this study was to compare percutaneous drainage (PD) of the gallbladder to emergency cholecystectomy (EC) in a well-defined patient group with sepsis related to acute calculous/acalculous cholecystitis (ACC/AAC). METHODS Between 2001 and 2007, all consecutive patients of our ICU treated by either PD or EC were retrospectively(More)
OBJECTIVE In diffuse parenchymal lung diseases, the evolution of pulmonary fibrosis is often devastating and may result in death. In this study the role of CCL18 as a biomarker of disease activity in idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) with lung involvement was evaluated. METHODS CCL18 was assessed in supernatants of(More)
Bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) which may result in patient disability or death are reported to occur more frequently when compared to open surgery. The aim of this nationwide prospective study beyond the laparoscopic learning curve was to analyze the incidence, risk factors, and management of major BDI. During a 3-year(More)
PURPOSE To test the safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for resectable pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with cytologically proven resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head were eligible for this prospective phase II trial. After confirmation of resectability by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (ceCT), positron emission(More)
BACKGROUND Patients undergoing major gastrointestinal surgery are at increased risk of developing complications. The use of immunonutrition (IN) in such patients is not widespread because the available data are heterogeneous, and some show contradictory results with regard to complications, mortality and length of hospital stay. METHODS Randomized(More)
In contrast to its close homolog CDK4, the cell cycle kinase CDK6 is expressed at high levels in lymphoid malignancies. In a model for p185BCR-ABL+ B-acute lymphoid leukemia, we show that CDK6 is part of a transcription complex that induces the expression of the tumor suppressor p16INK4a and the pro-angiogenic factor VEGF-A. This function is independent of(More)
BACKGROUND Bleeding complications during laparoscopic surgery are rare but probably underreported. The aim of the current study was to elucidate the clinical relevance of bleeding complications and major vascular injuries during standard laparoscopic procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS The Swiss Association of Laparoscopic and Thoracoscopic Surgery (SALTS)(More)