Markus Sandrock

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BACKGROUND B-mode measurement of the sagital diameter of the Achilles tendon based on a manual tracing (MT) procedure is partly dependent on the subjectivity of the reader. The aim of this study is to establish a standardised automatic procedure to differentiate between normal and chronically degenerated tendons. For this comparison, the tracing results of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE B-mode measurement of the carotid intima-media (IM) thickness (T) based on manual tracing (MT) procedures are dependent on the subjectivity of the reader and the existing automatic tracing procedures often fail to detect the IM boundaries accurately. The purpose of this study was to compare the tracing results of the IM boundaries of(More)
BACKGROUND Image-based B-mode ultrasound has gained popularity in major studies as a non-invasive method of measuring cardio- and cerebrovascular risk factors. However, none of the major studies appears to have paid sufficient attention to the variation in end diastolic wall process. By using sequentially based analyses (SBA) of Intima-Media Thickness(More)
INTRODUCTION Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) is used widely to assess an individual's risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. Although significant associations have been showed, IMT as used in major studies does not improve prediction of cardiovascular events much compared to traditional risk factors. Therefore, a new approach to IMT-measurements is(More)
UNLABELLED Atherosclerotic changes of the common carotid artery (CCA) may appear like irregularities of the intima-media thickness (abbreviated as IM roughness) in B-mode ultrasound. The purposes of the present study were to investigate whether the CCA IM roughness changes with age and differs between individuals presumed to be healthy and patients with(More)
A new type of solid-state variable focal length lens is described. It is based on shape changes in an elastomeric membrane driven by compression of a reservoir of a polymer gel. A novel fabrication process based on individual lens components allows for customization of lens power based on the desired application. The lens shape as a function of applied(More)
BACKGROUND Good cardiorespiratory fitness has been associated with a reduced risk for clinical events of atherosclerotic vascular diseases. It is still unclear how this relates to a slower progression of the early atherosclerosis wall process. METHOD Using a dynamic model, we generated new parameters for describing the pathologic wall process in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The process of atherosclerosis has been assessed increasingly by sonography in B-mode images of the carotid arteries. Carotid artery atherosclerosis is thought to be associated with major atherosclerotic diseases in other regions of the arterial bed, especially the coronary arteries. In addition to the intima-media thickening as an established(More)
This study presents a novel automatic system for detecting the intimal and adventitial layers of the far common carotid artery (CCA) by applying the snake techniques. Cohen’s snake is also modified and some criteria are added for our applications. In addition, the oscillating problem of using snakes is solved by properly choosing the time step from analysis(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic dynamic exercise leads to regulative and structural adaptations of the heart (athlete's heart). To what extent the enlargement and physiologic hypertrophy of the heart lead to changes in the function of the valves, particularly regurgitation, is not yet clear. The aim of this study was to examine the regurgitation levels of different(More)