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The image quality of a two-photon microscope is often degraded by wavefront aberrations induced by the specimen. We demonstrate here that resolution and signal size in two-photon microcopy can be substantially improved, even in living biological specimens, by adaptive wavefront correction based on sensing the wavefront of coherence-gated backscattered light(More)
Fluorescence microscopy has been widely used to explore the nanoscale world because of its superb sensitivity, but it is limited to fluorescent samples. Hence, various spectroscopic contrasts have been explored for imaging nonfluorescent species. Here we report a multiphoton microscopy based on single-beam near-degenerate four wave mixing (ND-FWM), by(More)
Coherence-gated wavefront sensing (CGWS) allows the determination of wavefront aberrations in strongly scattering tissue and their correction by adaptive optics. This allows, e.g., the restoration of the diffraction limit in light microscopy. Here, we develop a model, based on ray tracing of ballistic light scattered from a set of discrete scatterers, to(More)
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