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The phase shift between oscillations of blood pressure (BP) and Doppler middle cerebral artery flow velocity (MCAFV) reflects continuous cerebral autoregulatory action. It is not known whether a similar phase shift exists for cortical hemodynamics ('microvascular level') assessed by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and what the effects are of pathological(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. We report in an emphysema model of mice chronically exposed to tobacco smoke that pulmonary vascular dysfunction, vascular remodeling, and pulmonary hypertension (PH) precede development of alveolar destruction. We provide evidence for a causative role of(More)
The renormalization of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is presented. We describe symmetry identities that constitute a framework in which the MSSM is completely characterized and renormalizability can be proven. Furthermore, we discuss applications of this framework for the determination of symmetry-restoring counterterms, the gauge(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Estimation of dynamic cerebral autoregulation from spontaneous fluctuations of arterial blood pressure (ABP) and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) is an attractive monitoring option for cerebral hemodynamic impairment. We evaluated the correlation coefficient index method in patients with severe obstructive carotid disease and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study investigates dynamic cerebral autoregulation assessed from spontaneous blood pressure (ABP) and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) fluctuations and its time course in acute ischemic stroke. METHODS Forty patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke in the territory of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) were enrolled.(More)
We propose an approach for multi-pose face tracking by association of face detection responses in two stages using multiple cues. The low-level stage uses a two-threshold strategy to merge detection responses based on location, size and pose, resulting in short but reliable tracklets. The high-level stage uses different cues for computing a joint similarity(More)
Dynamic cerebral autoregulation assessed from blood pressure transients can be considerably impaired in severe internal carotid artery (ICA) obstruction. It is unknown whether impaired autoregulation indicates an increased risk of subsequent ischemic events in this situation. 165 patients with ICA stenosis (> 70 %) or occlusion were prospectively followed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Analysis of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (DCA) from spontaneous blood pressure fluctuations might contribute to prognosis of severe internal carotid artery stenosis, but its response to carotid recanalization has not been investigated so far. This study investigates the effect of carotid endarterectomy or stenting on various DCA(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether there is: (1) a specific temporal course of cerebral dysautoregulation in acute ischemic stroke, and (2) a separate detrimental effect of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) on autoregulation dynamics in this situation. METHODS We studied 16 patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion and rtPA(More)
In this article, a natural weakly symplectic form on a natural configuration space associated to the fiber bundle of a given field theory is constructed. Although the form is in general not strongly symplectic, in the case of a vector bundle it gives rise to a Poisson bracket on a dense subspace of the differentiable L 2-functions on this space. If one has(More)