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Para-nitrophenol (PNP) is a well-known substrate for both phase I (hydroxylation at cytochrome P450) and phase II reactions (glucuronidation and sulfation). HPLC separation of PNP conjugates has already been described, but not for respective studies with liver slices, which nowadays have proven to be a suitable model for metabolic studies. Therefore we(More)
For the extensive use of precision-cut liver slices (particularly of human origin) for toxicological investigations successful cryopreservation is necessary. But so far, survival of thawed slices was limited to few hours. This was now overcome by modification of previous procedures. The concentration of DMSO as a cryoprotectant was enhanced to 30%, and(More)
Precision-cut rat liver slices (KRUMDIECK slicer, slice thickness 200-250 microm) were incubated in rollers containing modified William's medium E at 37 degrees C for 2, 24 and 48 hrs. Protein, DNA, potassium and glutathione concentrations did not decrease during 48 hrs. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage into the medium was relatively marked during the(More)
Evidence is provided that the amplifiers luminol and lucigenin react with different reactive oxygen species (ROS), depending on the ROS-generating system used. H2O2 is used to produce calibration curves for luminol- and lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence. With this chemiluminescence generator we characterized the specificity and sensitivity of luminol-(More)
We develop a generalization of the classical Chow groups in order to have available some standard properties for homology theories: long exact sequences, spectral sequences for brations, homotopy invariance and intersections. The basis for our constructions is Milnor's K-theory.
The influence of acetylcysteine (ac-cys) on cisplatin (CP) nephrotoxicity was investigated in female Wistar rats. Administration of 0.6 mg CP 100 g-1 body wt. was followed by oliguria and proteinuria, as well as a significant increase of blood urea nitrogen concentration. The i.p. administration of 0.6 mg CP 100 g-1 body wt. concomitantly with 100 mg ac-cys(More)
Precision-cut liver slices (0.5 mm) were incubated at 30 degrees C in a modified William's Medium E for up to 48 hrs. During the incubation, K+ and GSH/GSSG concentrations did not decrease. Cytochrome P450-dependent dealkylation rates of 7-ethoxycoumarin (ECOD), 7-allyloxycoumarin (ACOD) and 7-ethoxyresorufin (EROD) decreased to 1/3, 1/2 or did not change(More)
The influence of ascorbic acid (AA, 5 g/kg body weight) on chromate (Cr, 10 mg/kg) induced proteinuria, which is a sensitive parameter of its nephrotoxicity, was investigated in adult female Wistar rats. The concentrations of Cr and ascorbic acid (AA) were determined in renal tissue. Cr nephrotoxicity is related to its intracellular reduction from Cr(VI) to(More)
The goal of this paper is to present proofs of two results of Markus Rost, the Chain Lemma 0.1 and the Norm Principle 0.3. These are the steps needed to complete the published verification of the Bloch-Kato conjecture, that the norm residue maps are isomorphisms K M n (k)/p → H n et (k, Z/p) for every prime p, every n and every field k containing 1/p.(More)
We outline briefly results and examples related with the bijectivity of the norm residue homomorphism. We define norm varieties and describe some constructions. We discuss degree formulas which form a major tool to handle norm varieties. Finally we formulate Hilbert's 90 for symbols which is the hard part of the bijectivity of the norm residue homomorphism,(More)