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Although isolated reports of hard-tissue reconstruction in the cranio-maxillofacial skeleton exist, multipatient case series are lacking. This study aimed to review the experience with 13 consecutive cases of cranio-maxillofacial hard-tissue defects at four anatomically different sites, namely frontal sinus (3 cases), cranial bone (5 cases), mandible (3(More)
Between years 1895 and 1995, 112 patients underwent dacryocystorhinostomy in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Tampere University Hospital. A questionnaire considering the recent symptoms of patients was sent to 108 patients. Four of the patients have died. Ninety-six patients returned the questionnaire. Seventy-nine (61 primary operations) lacrimal(More)
Lymphangiomas are benign, soft tumors that most often affect the head and neck area, usually causing marked cosmetic and functional problems. Treatment options include surgery and a large number of different sclerotherapy agents. Surgical treatment is challenging because of the need for complete excision. The risk of damage to surrounding structures or poor(More)
In recent years increasing evidence has been provided on frequent simultaneous coexistence of inflammatory diseases and allergies in upper and lower airways. To achieve a good standard of measurement of upper airways, an objective method should be used. A total of 48 nasal cavities with nasal stuffiness associated with chronic sinusitis were measured with(More)
The objective of this study was to determine how well different rhinometric measurement methods identify intranasal changes during acute viral rhinitis. A total of 69 patients acutely ill with the common cold were examined. Acoustic rhinometry (AR), rhinomanometry (RMM), nasal PEF (nPEF) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) recordings were performed before the(More)
The degeneration of ciliary beat of human respiratory cells was studied in monolayer cell cultures by using a differential interference microscope equipped with a high speed video system. This method for studying ciliary beat in cell cultures on collagen-coated cover glasses is quite advantageous, because it allows for detailed study of all parts of ciliary(More)
Ciliary orientation was studied in 43 patients with the "immotile cilia" syndrome. Twenty-four of these patients had total situs inversus. One mucosal specimen was taken from uterine cervical epithelium, 2 were from bronchial mucosa and 40 from nasal mucosa. The orientation of the cilia was measured from micrographs using a semiautomatic image analyzer(More)
We have created a method for measuring the orientation of cilia in the respiratory epithelium. Ciliary orientation is the direction perpendicular to the plane defined by the central tubules of the cilia and is an estimate of ciliary beat direction. Ciliary orientation can be estimated by measuring the angle between the plane defined by the central tubules(More)
Ciliary orientation was studied on the respiratory epithelium of the nasal cavity or the sphenoidal sinus of ten adult nonsmokers without respiratory disease. The ciliary orientation was evaluated from micrographs by measuring the angle between the plane defined by the central tubules and reference line (with a semiautomatic image analyser (IBAS I]. The(More)
The objective of this study was to determine nasal cavity volumes and cross-sectional profiles from segmented coronal high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images. Pathological mucosal changes and congenital sinonasal variants were quantitated and three-dimensional (3D) images for determining sinonasal airway diseases evaluated by using the new(More)