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To determine how opiate receptor distribution is co-localized with the distribution of nociceptive areas in the human brain, eleven male healthy volunteers underwent one PET scan with the subtype-nonselective opioidergic radioligand [(18)F]fluoroethyl-diprenorphine under resting conditions. The binding potential (BP), a parameter for the regional cerebral(More)
UNLABELLED Substituted benzamides such as (11)C-raclopride or (123)I-iodobenzamide are selective radiotracers for PET and SPECT imaging of D(2)-like dopamine (DA) receptors. (18)F-Desmethoxyfallypride ((18)F-DMFP) is a benzamide tracer with the advantage of an (18)F label. We optimized the synthesis and evaluated (18)F-DMFP in PET studies on healthy human(More)
UNLABELLED (11)C-Raclopride has been widely used for PET studies of dopamine D(2/3) receptors in human brain. The long half-life of (18)F may impart advantages to the novel moderate-affinity benzamide (18)F-desmethoxyfallypride and its high-affinity congener (18)F-fallypride for competition studies and for detection of extrastriatal binding. However, the in(More)
PURPOSE Although animal data are suggestive, evidence for an alteration of the extrastriatal dopaminergic system in human focal epilepsy is missing. METHODS To quantify D2/D3-receptor density, we studied seven patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and nine age-matched controls with positron emission tomography (PET) by using the high-affinity(More)
Combining measurements of the monoamine metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and neuroimaging can increase efficiency of drug discovery for treatment of brain disorders. To address this question, we examined five drug-naïve patients suffering from schizophrenic disorder. Patients were assessed clinically, using the Positive and Negative Syndrome(More)
Aripiprazole, a novel antipsychotic drug, is metabolized by CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 forming mainly its active metabolite dehydroaripiprazole. In this study, aripiprazole and dehydroaripiprazole serum levels of psychiatric patients were measured and related to dose, comedication, and clinical effects including therapeutic and side effects. Patients were treated(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) with the high affinity dopamine D(2/3) receptor ligand [¹⁸F]-fallypride affords estimates of the binding potential (BP(ND) ) in extra-striatal regions of low receptor abundance, but the sufficient recording time for accurate measurements in striatum has been called into question. We have earlier argued that transient(More)
A recent [(18)F]FDOPA-PET study reports negative correlations between dopamine synthesis rates and aggressive behavior. Since dopamine is among the substrates for monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), this investigation examines whether functional allelic variants of the MAOA tandem repeat (VNTR) promotor polymorphism, which is known to modulate aggressive behavior,(More)
Stress is an important risk factor in the etiology of psychotic disorder. Preclinical work has shown that stress primarily increases dopamine (DA) transmission in the frontal cortex. Given that DA-mediated hypofrontality is hypothesized to be a cardinal feature of psychotic disorder, stress-related extrastriatal DA release may be altered in psychotic(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a well-characterized neurological disorder with regard to its neuropathological and symptomatic appearance. At the genetic level, mutations of particular genes, e.g. Parkin and DJ-1, were found in human hereditary PD with early onset. Neurotransmitter receptors constitute decisive elements in neural signal transduction.(More)