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To determine how opiate receptor distribution is co-localized with the distribution of nociceptive areas in the human brain, eleven male healthy volunteers underwent one PET scan with the subtype-nonselective opioidergic radioligand [(18)F]fluoroethyl-diprenorphine under resting conditions. The binding potential (BP), a parameter for the regional cerebral(More)
Aripiprazole, a novel antipsychotic drug, is metabolized by CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 forming mainly its active metabolite dehydroaripiprazole. In this study, aripiprazole and dehydroaripiprazole serum levels of psychiatric patients were measured and related to dose, comedication, and clinical effects including therapeutic and side effects. Patients were treated(More)
UNLABELLED Substituted benzamides such as (11)C-raclopride or (123)I-iodobenzamide are selective radiotracers for PET and SPECT imaging of D(2)-like dopamine (DA) receptors. (18)F-Desmethoxyfallypride ((18)F-DMFP) is a benzamide tracer with the advantage of an (18)F label. We optimized the synthesis and evaluated (18)F-DMFP in PET studies on healthy human(More)
Benzamide derivatives as radiotracers have played an important role in diagnosing malfunction in dopaminergic neurotransmission. A variety of halogenated and two unsubstituted benzamide derivatives were synthesised and their in vitro affinities to dopaminergic, serotonergic and adrenergic receptors and their lipophilicities were determined. As references(More)
PURPOSE Although animal data are suggestive, evidence for an alteration of the extrastriatal dopaminergic system in human focal epilepsy is missing. METHODS To quantify D2/D3-receptor density, we studied seven patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and nine age-matched controls with positron emission tomography (PET) by using the high-affinity(More)
Combining measurements of the monoamine metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and neuroimaging can increase efficiency of drug discovery for treatment of brain disorders. To address this question, we examined five drug-naïve patients suffering from schizophrenic disorder. Patients were assessed clinically, using the Positive and Negative Syndrome(More)
Pancreatic islet cell mass (PICM) is a major determinant of the insulin secretory capacity in humans. Currently, the only method for accurate assessment of the PICM is an autopsy study. Thus, development of a technique allowing the non-invasive quantification of PICM is of great interest. The aim of this study was to develop such a non-invasive technique(More)
18F-labeled non-sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent (S)-2-(2-[(18)F]fluoroethoxy)-4-((3-methyl-1-(2-piperidin-1-yl-phenyl)-butylcarbamoyl)-methyl)-benzoic acid ([(18)F]repaglinide), a derivative of the sulfonylurea-receptor (SUR) ligand repaglinide, was synthesized as a potential tracer for the non-invasive investigation of the sulfonylurea 1 receptor status of(More)
UNLABELLED (11)C-Raclopride has been widely used for PET studies of dopamine D(2/3) receptors in human brain. The long half-life of (18)F may impart advantages to the novel moderate-affinity benzamide (18)F-desmethoxyfallypride and its high-affinity congener (18)F-fallypride for competition studies and for detection of extrastriatal binding. However, the in(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) with the high affinity dopamine D(2/3) receptor ligand [¹⁸F]-fallypride affords estimates of the binding potential (BP(ND) ) in extra-striatal regions of low receptor abundance, but the sufficient recording time for accurate measurements in striatum has been called into question. We have earlier argued that transient(More)