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The Drosophila Shaker gene on the X chromosome has three sister genes, Shal, Shab, and Shaw, which map to the second and third chromosomes. This extended gene family encodes voltage-gated potassium channels with widely varying kinetics (rate of macroscopic current activation and inactivation) and voltage sensitivity of steady-state inactivation. The(More)
The molecular genetic approach to studying K+ channels has revealed that at least four subfamilies of voltage-gated K+ channels originally discovered in Drosophila are conserved in mice and humans. This conservation of the K+ channel subfamilies Shaker, Shal, Shab, and Shaw suggests that not only the broad outlines of membrane electrical properties but also(More)
We have cloned and expressed a mouse brain cDNA, mShal, that encodes a transient, A-type K+ current. mShal, the vertebrate homolog of the Drosophila Shal gene, defines a distinct subfamily of voltage-gated K+ channels. The Shal deduced proteins are more highly conserved between mouse and Drosophila than other presently known K+ channels. mShal carries a(More)
The larval ring gland of Drosophila melanogaster is the source of ecdysteroids responsible for larval-larval and larval-pupal molting. An extract prepared from the Drosophila larval central nervous system, that presumably contains prothoracicotropic hormone, elicits a significant and dose-dependent in vitro increase in ecdysteroid synthesis by ring glands(More)
We have cloned and expressed a mouse brain K+ channel that is the homolog of the Drosophila Shab K+ channel. Mouse and Drosophila Shab K+ channels (mShab and fShab, respectively) represent an instance of K+ channels and structurally related species that are both functionally and structurally conserved; most kinetic, voltage-sensitive, and pharmacological(More)
We study whether applying lattice projectors on a vector-like Ginsparg-Wilson Dirac operator is the only way to construct left-handed lattice fermions. Using RG transformations we derive an equation for the generating functional on the lattice, obtained by blocking from the continuum. We analyze how symmetries of the continuum theory manifest themselves in(More)
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