Markus Malmberg

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BACKGROUND Retrograde delivery is associated with inadequate perfusion of cardioplegia to all regions of the heart, but the effects on cardiomyocyte death and functional outcome remain unknown. We compared antegrade and retrograde cardioplegia in a randomized clinical trial to see whether it has effect on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and left ventricular(More)
Thirty-five (34 evaluable) consecutive postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor positive (greater than or equal to 10 fmol/mg) or unknown advanced breast cancer were treated with high dose toremifene in a phase II study. All patients had progressed during prior adjuvant or palliativ antiestrogen treatment. The dose of toremifene was 240 mg per day. No(More)
With the introduction of the end to end anastomotic stapler there has been an increase in the number of sphincter saving resections for carcinoma of the middle and distal part of the rectum. The results of earlier reports have indicated an increasing number of local recurrences possibly due to less extensive dissection of the lower pelvic area. Ninety-six(More)
BACKGROUND Levosimendan is a calcium sensitizer that has been shown to prevent myocardial contractile depression in patients post cardiac surgery. This drug exhibits an anti-apoptotic property; however, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In this report, we characterized the myocardial protective of levosimendan in preventing cardiomyocyte apoptosis(More)
BACKGROUND Modifications of the Björk-Shiley valve prosthesis have shown good long-term results. The convexo-concave model, however, was recalled 27 years ago because of a propensity for breakage due to outlet strut fracture. The objective of this study is to describe the 30-year outcome after implantation of the Björk-Shiley convexo-concave mechanical(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiomyocyte apoptosis might contribute to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction following cardiac surgery. Magnetic resonance imaging is considered the most accurate method of determining LV function. We compared apoptosis (by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling, TUNEL, staining and detection of caspase 3(More)
OBJECTIVE Apoptotic cardiomyocyte death is induced during open heart surgery, but its determinants are poorly understood. Prolonged aortic clamping time is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether occurrence of cardiomyocyte apoptosis is related to the duration of aortic clamping in experimental pig model(More)
BACKGROUND Retrograde cardioplegia alone is often used in aortic valve and aortic root surgery. Due to the differences in venous anatomy between the right and the left side of the heart, retrograde cardioplegia is associated with incomplete protection of the right side. Since some apoptotic cardiomyocyte death is inevitable during an open heart surgery, we(More)
OBJECTIVES According to the EuroSCORE-II criteria, patients undergoing emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are operated on before the beginning of the next working day after decision to operate while salvage CABG patients require cardiopulmonary resuscitation en route to the operating theatre. The objective of this multicentre study was to(More)
Weekly dose Adriamycin was given prospectively as first line chemotherapy in a phase II study including 76 patients with evaluable advanced breast cancer. The response rate (CR+PR) was 24 percent (18/76) and a further 41 per cent (31/76) of the patients achieved stable disease (NC). Mean time to progression for responders was 17 months and for those with(More)