Markus Müller

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Oncogenic activation of Abl proteins due to structural modifications can occur as a result of viral transduction or chromosomal translocation. The tyrosine protein kinase activity of oncogenic Abl proteins is known to be essential for their transforming activity. Therefore, we have attempted to identify selective inhibitors of the Abl tyrosine protein(More)
The trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) reductase of Escherichia coli is a soluble periplasmic molybdoenzyme. The precursor of this enzyme possesses a cleavable N-terminal signal sequence which contains a twin-arginine motif. By using various moa, mob and mod mutants defective in different steps of molybdocofactor biosynthesis, we demonstrate that acquisition of(More)
An organic anion-transporting polypeptide that mediates sodium-independent uptake of negatively charged sulfobromophthalein and bile salts has recently been cloned from rat liver (Jacquemin et al., 1994). In this study we have extended the substrate specificity studies to neutral and positively charged organic compounds with use of the Xenopus laevis oocyte(More)
The higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is an important model for identifying plant genes and determining their function. To assist biological investigations and to define chromosome structure, a coordinated effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome was initiated in late 1996. Here we report one of the first milestones of this project, the(More)
The authors describe here the pharmacological properties of bosentan, a new nonpeptide mixed antagonist of endothelin (ET) receptors, obtained by structural optimization of the less potent Ro 46-2005 [Ro 46-2005 (4-tert-butyl-N-[6-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-5-(3-methoxy-phenoxy)-4-pyrimidinyl ]-benzenesulfonamide]. Bosentan (Ro 47-0203,(More)
Endotoxin-induced cholestasis is mainly caused by an impaired canalicular secretion. Mrp2, the canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter, is strongly down-regulated in this situation, and canalicular bile salt secretion is also reduced. We hypothesized that other adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transporters may compensate for the(More)
To assess the role of the Janus kinase (Jak) family member Tyk2, we have generated Tyk2-/- mice. In contrast to other Jaks, where inactivation leads to a complete loss of the respective cytokine receptor signal, Tyk2-/- mice display reduced responses to IFNalpha/beta and IL-12 and a selective deficiency in Stat3 activation in these pathways. Unexpectedly,(More)
Besides SecA and SecB, Escherichia coli cells possess a signal recognition particle (SRP) to target exported proteins to the SecY translocon. Using chemical and site-specific cross-linking in vitro, we show that SRP recognizes the first signal anchor sequence of a polytopic membrane protein (MtlA) resulting in cotranslational targeting of MtlA to SecY and(More)
The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor is a member of the transmembrane growth factor receptor protein family with intrinsic protein-tyrosine kinase activity. We describe a potent protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (CGP 53716) that shows selectivity for the PDGF receptor in vitro and in the cell. The compound shows selectivity for inhibition of(More)
Analogues of staurosporine were synthesized and their ability to inhibit protein kinases was examined. Staurosporine is a potent but non-selective inhibitor of in vitro protein kinase C(PKC) activity (IC50 6.0 nM). The derivative CGP 41 251 had reduced PKC activity with an IC50 of 50 nM but showed a high degree of selectivity when assayed for inhibition of(More)