Markus Latta

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A complete cytokine mix (CCM) or its individual components tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) were used to switch resting murine astrocytes to reactive states. The transformation process was characterized by differential up-regulation of interleukin-6 (IL-6), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and(More)
Hepatocyte apoptosis is crucial in several forms of liver disease. Here, we examined in different models of murine liver injury whether and how metabolically induced alterations of hepatocyte ATP levels control receptor-mediated apoptosis. ATP was depleted either in primary hepatocytes or in vivo by various phosphate-trapping carbohydrates such as fructose.(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR)-specific allosteric modulator cinacalcet has revolutionized the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease. However, its application is limited to patients with end-stage renal disease because of hypocalcemic side effects presumably caused by CaSR-mediated calcitonin secretion from(More)
Apoptosis triggered by the death receptor CD95 (APO-1 or Fas) is pivotal for the homeostasis of the immune system. We investigated differential effects of glutathione depletion on CD95-triggered apoptosis in T and B cell lines as well as the glutathione dependence of caspase-8 activation. In B lymphoblastoid SKW6.4 cells, CD95-mediated apoptosis was(More)
The essential trace element selenium is also toxic at low doses. Since supplementation of selenium is discussed as cancer prophylaxis, we investigated whether or not bioavailable selenium compounds are selectively toxic on malignant cells by comparing primary and transformed liver cells as to the extent and mode of cell death. Sodium selenite and selenate(More)
The interest in TNF, discovered at the interface between inflammation and cancer, as an anti-cancer agent, has phased out in recent years. Indeed, despite its profound cytostatic and cytotoxic effects in primary tumors, the cytokine's systemic toxicity in general and its hepatotoxic and pro-metastatic nature in particular, prevent its routine use in cancer(More)
Topoisomerases are nuclear enzymes that maintain and modulate DNA structure. Inhibitors of topoisomerases like camptothecin (CPT), etoposide, and others are widely used antitumor drugs that interfere with transcription, induce DNA strand breaks, and trigger apoptosis preferentially in dividing cells. Because transcription inhibitors (actinomycin D,(More)
The members of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) superfamily group B have diverse functions, including roles in the immune system. For years it has been known that the WC1 protein is expressed on the surface of bovine gammadelta T cells, and more recent studies indicate that WC1(+) gammadelta T cells respond to stimulation with bacterial antigens(More)
We demonstrated previously that depletion of hepatic ATP by endogenous metabolic shunting of phosphate after fructose treatment renders hepatocytes resistant to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced apoptosis. We here address the question whether this principle extends to TNF receptor 1-mediated caspase-independent apoptotic and to necrotic liver injury. As(More)