Markus Lassila

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In the diabetic kidney, clinical as well as experimental observations have shown an upregulation of growth factors such as PDGF. These studies, however, were not designed to address whether upregulation of PDGF is merely a manifestation of diabetic renal injury or whether PDGF plays an active role in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy. The(More)
Advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation may contribute to the progression of atherosclerosis, particularly in diabetes. The present study explored atherosclerosis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) mice that were randomized (n = 20) to receive for 20 weeks no treatment, the AGE cross-link breaker ALT-711, or the(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis, the major factor contributing to increased mortality and morbidity in the diabetic population. The molecular mechanisms by which diabetes promotes atherosclerosis are not fully understood. Platelet-derived growth factor has been shown to play a major role in the pathology of vascular(More)
Hyperlipidemia not only may be relevant to cardiovascular disease in diabetes but may also play a role in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence that advanced glycation end products (AGE) play an important role in diabetic renal disease. The objectives of this study were first to characterize renal(More)
BACKGROUND It remains controversial whether specific blockade of the renin-angiotensin system confers superior antiatherosclerotic effects over other antihypertensive agents in diabetes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare equihypotensive doses of the angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptor blocker irbesartan with the calcium antagonist(More)
1. We compared the effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril and the angiotensin AT(1) receptor antagonist valsartan in cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced hypertension and nephrotoxicity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). 2. SHR (8 - 9 weeks old) on high-sodium diet were given CsA (5 mg kg(-1)d (-1) s.c. ) for 6 weeks. The rats(More)
Despite extensive research, the exact mechanisms of cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced hypertension and nephrotoxicity remain obscure. Several lines of evidence suggest an involvement of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in CsA toxicity, but the issue is still controversial in more ways than one. Some interesting data of the interaction of CsA and RAS have been(More)
Cyclosporine A causes hypertension and nephrotoxicity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In the present study, arterial function was investigated using in vitro vascular preparations after long-term treatment with cyclosporine A. SHR received cyclosporine A (5 mg kg(-1) day(-1) s.c.) and high-Na(+) diet for 6 weeks during the developmental phase of(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have demonstrated a role for thiazolidinediones in attenuating atherosclerosis. However, these studies were performed in insulin-resistant animal models in association with reductions in insulin and glucose levels. To assess the vascular effects of thiazolidinediones, independent of their metabolic effects, we observed the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Glomerular slit diaphragm (SD) represents a modified adherens junction composed of molecules belonging to both immunoglobulin and cadherin superfamilies. Cadherins associate with the cytosolic scaffolding protein beta-catenin, but the precise role of beta-catenin in mature or injured podocytes is not known. METHODS The conditional(More)