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With every rapid gaze shift (saccade), our eyes experience a different view of the world. Stable perception of visual space requires that points in the new image are associated with corresponding points in the previous image. The brain may use an extraretinal eye position signal to compensate for gaze changes, or, alternatively, exploit the image contents(More)
How does the brain process visual information about self-motion? In monkey cortex, the analysis of visual motion is performed by successive areas specialized in different aspects of motion processing. Whereas neurons in the middle temporal (MT) area are direction-selective for local motion, neurons in the medial superior temporal (MST) area respond to(More)
Moving objects occupy a range of positions during the period of integration of the visual system. Nevertheless, a unique position is usually observed. We investigate how the trajectory of a stimulus influences the position at which the object is seen. It has been shown before that moving objects are perceived ahead of static objects shown at the same place(More)
We extend the local energy model of position detection to cope with temporally varying position signals and the perception of relative position. The extension entails two main components. First, a form of persistence for the position signal based on the temporal impulse response function of the visual system. Secondly, we hypothesise that the perceived(More)
A vivid perception of the moving form of a human figure can be obtained from a few moving light points on the joints of the body. This is known as biological motion perception. It is commonly believed that the perception of biological motion rests on image motion signals. Curiously, however, some patients with lesions to motion processing areas of the(More)
We recorded spontaneous eye movements elicited by radial optic flow in three macaque monkeys using the scleral search coil technique. Computer-generated stimuli simulated forward or backward motion of the monkey with respect to a number of small illuminated dots arranged on a virtual ground plane. We wanted to see whether optokinetic eye movements are(More)
Successful navigation through an environment requires precise monitoring of direction and distance traveled ("path integration" or "dead reckoning"). Previous studies in blindfolded human subjects showed that velocity information arising from vestibular and somatosensory signals can be used to reproduce passive linear displacements. In these studies, visual(More)
Biological motion perception is the compelling ability of the visual system to perceive complex human movements effortlessly and within a fraction of a second. Recent neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies have revealed that the visual perception of biological motion activates a widespread network of brain areas. The superior temporal sulcus has a(More)
The optic flow arising in the eyes of an observer during self-motion is influenced by the occurrence of eye movements. The determination of heading during eye movements may be based on the pattern of retinal image motion (the retinal flow) or on an additional use of an extraretinal eye-movement signal. Previous research has presented support for either of(More)