Markus L. R. Schwarz

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In this paper the establishment of an automatic laser application device that reproducibly delivers laser stimuli in a safe, controlled, and reliable manner is presented. Nociceptive stimulation is widely used in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments and a number of different methods are employed. One major advantage of laser stimulation(More)
BACKGROUND Hernia repair is the most common surgical procedure in the world. Augmentation with synthetic meshes has gained importance in recent decades. Most of the published work about hernia meshes focuses on the surgical technique, outcome in terms of mortality and morbidity and the recurrence rate. Appropriate biomechanical and engineering terminology(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE The menisci of the mammalian knee joint balance the incongruence between femoral condyle and tibial plateau and thus menisci absorb and distribute high loads. Degeneration processes of the menisci lead to pain syndromes in the knee joint. The origin of such degenerative processes on meniscal tissue is rarely understood and may be(More)
INTRODUCTION The Göttingen Minipig (GM) is used as large animal model in articular cartilage research. The aim of the study was to introduce osteoarthritis (OA) in the GM by resecting the anterior cruciate ligament (ACLR) according to Pond and Nuki, verified by histological and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scoring as well as analysis of gene and protein(More)
BACKGROUND A lot of advantages can result in a high wettability as well as a nanostructure at a titanium surface on bone implants. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the osseointegrative potential of a titan plasma-sprayed (TPS) surface refinement by acid-etching with chromosulfuric acid. This results in a hyperhydrophilic surface with a(More)
BACKGROUND Standardisation is required in research, so are approval procedures for advanced therapy medical products and other procedures for articular cartilage therapies. The process of creating samples needs to be reproducible. The aim of this study was to design, create and validate instruments (1) to create reproducible and accurate defects and (2) to(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Stand-alone cervical cages aim to provide primary stability, yield solid fusion in the long-term course, and maintain physiologic alignment. However, many implants designed for these purposes fail in achieving these goals. Following implantation, relatively high rates of cage subsidence and failure of disc height maintenance may(More)
In this study, mapping of ultrashort T2 and T2* of acutely isolated porcine menisci at B0 = 9.4 T was investigated. Maps of T2 were measured from a slice through the pars intermedia with a spin echo-prepared two-dimensional ultrashort-TE T2 mapping technique published previously. T2* mapping was performed by two-dimensional ultrashort-TE MRI with variable(More)