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Immunosuppressant drugs like cyclosporine A and FK506 are widely used for solid organ transplantation. They are accelerating bone remodeling but cause net bone loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of FK506 on fracture healing in the rat. Eighty Lewis rats were divided into four groups, which received FK506 (1 mg/kg BW) or no treatment(More)
INTRODUCTION The kinematics of a robotic device significantly determines its installation space when it comes to technical realisation. With regard to the deployment of robotic manipulators in surgery, manipulators with a preferably small installation space are needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study describes six versions of novel epicyclic kinematics(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper describes the current level of development of robots for surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS This paper is based on a literature search in Pubmed, IEEExplore, CiteSeer and the abstract volumes of the MICCAI 2002, 2003 and 2004, CARS 2003 and 2004, CAOS 2003 and 2004, CURAC 2003 and 2004 and MRNV 2004 meetings. RESULTS Divided into(More)
Soft tissue defects following resectional surgery or trauma often result in deadspaces and require free or pedicled flaps. A programmed formation of filling tissue with enhanced biomechanical properties could be helpful. This study examined the effects on wound healing of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) seeded with autologous fibroblasts in a standardized(More)
Four threaded cups were tested up to their lever-out moments, torque-in moments and their resistance to failure. A was a parabolic-shaped, B was a spherical, C was a spherical-shaped too, and D was a conical shaped cup. Cup A and D represent cups which have proven themselves in clinical applications, but not cup B. The threads were determined and showed(More)
The initial stability of 6 different hemispherical press-fit titanium acetabular cups was investigated by lever-out tests using a foam model. Each cup was implanted in a standardised manner into machined PVC-foam blocks with an underreaming of 1/2/3 mm, and levered out 5 times. A computer recorded the load-displacement curves. Both insertion forces and(More)
In this paper the establishment of an automatic laser application device that reproducibly delivers laser stimuli in a safe, controlled, and reliable manner is presented. Nociceptive stimulation is widely used in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments and a number of different methods are employed. One major advantage of laser stimulation(More)
BACKGROUND Hernia repair is the most common surgical procedure in the world. Augmentation with synthetic meshes has gained importance in recent decades. Most of the published work about hernia meshes focuses on the surgical technique, outcome in terms of mortality and morbidity and the recurrence rate. Appropriate biomechanical and engineering terminology(More)
OBJECTIVE To locate the rotational center of the hip joint, CT-less navigation systems for artificial knee-joint replacement use movements of the femur with a rigid body attached. It cannot be assumed that the hip joint provides free mobility at all times. The purpose of the present study was: 1) To build a mechanical model to assess the system's accuracy(More)