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Changes of neuronal excitability and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAA)-receptor expression were studied in the surround of photothrombotic infarcts, which were produced in the sensorimotor cortex of the rat by using the rose bengal technique. In a first series of experiments, multiunit recordings were performed on anesthetized animals 2-3 mm lateral from the(More)
The regional and laminar distributions of eight different transmitter-binding sites were measured in the marmoset hippocampus by means of quantitative in vitro receptor autoradiography. Receptors for 5-HT1, L-glutamate, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and GABAA were similarly distributed. The highest concentrations of these receptors were found in the pyramidal(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a fatal, demyelinating disease caused by JC virus (JCV) in patients with severe immunosuppression. We studied the JCV-specific cellular and humoral immune response in 7 healthy donors (HD), 6 human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-infected patients without PML (HIV), 4 HIV-1-negative patients with PML(More)
In brains of the rabbit, pig, and human, expression of the high-affinity Na+-D-glucose cotransporter SGLT1 and of the protein RS1, which alters the activity of SGLT1, was demonstrated. In situ hybridization showed that SGLT1 and RS1 are transcribed in pyramidal cells of brain cortex and hippocampus and in Purkinje cells of cerebellum. In neurons of pig(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Moyamoya disease is a very rare occlusive cerebrovascular disorder characterized by progressive stenosis or occlusion of the intracranial portion of the internal carotid artery and proximal cerebral arteries with an extensive network of fine collaterals. The aetiology and genetic susceptibility of moyamoya disease, especially in(More)
Small infarctions in the parietal cortex of Wistar rats were produced photochemically using the Rose Bengal technique. The infarctions evoked reproducible cortical lesions of about 2 mm diameter. In the surrounding brain tissue changes in electrophysiological responses occurred. Whereas in control animals a paired-pulse inhibition could be evoked all over(More)
This study investigated astroglial responses after focal cerebral ischemia in the rat cortex induced by photothrombosis. Astrocyte activation was studied at various time points by immunocytochemistry for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin (VIM). We found a dual astrocytic response to focal ischemia: In the border zone of the infarct,(More)
The neuroendocrine response to sexual activity in humans is characterized by a pronounced orgasm-dependent increase of plasma levels of prolactin. In contrast to the well-known inhibitory effects of chronic hyperprolactinemia on sexual drive and function, the impact of acute prolactin alterations on human sexual physiology is unknown. Therefore, this study(More)
BACKGROUND The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) has been linked to the underlying neurobiology of aggressive behavior, particularly with evidence from studies in animals and humans. However, the underlying neurobiology of aggression remains unclear in the context of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a disorder known to be associated with(More)