Markus Khalil

Learn More
Functional complementation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae glycogen branching enzyme deficiency was screened to isolate human cDNAs that encode this enzyme. Human hepatoma cell line HepG2-derived cDNA libraries using the pAB23BXN yeast expression vector yielded four cDNAs capable of complementing the glc3::TRP1 glycogen branching enzyme mutation.(More)
A subset of children and adults with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome develop dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Although DCM may occur in symptomatic WPW patients with sustained tachyarrhythmias, emerging evidence suggests that significant left ventricular dysfunction may arise in WPW in the absence of incessant tachyarrhythmias. An invariable(More)
Cardiomyocytes generated from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are suggested for repopulation of destroyed myocardium. Because contractile properties are crucial for functional regeneration, we compared cardiomyocytes differentiated from ES cells (ESC-CMs) and iPS cells (iPS-CMs). Native myocardium served as control.(More)
Forty-eight mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with defects in glycogen metabolism were isolated. The mutations defined eight GLC genes, the function of which were determined. Mutations in three of these genes activate the RAS/cAMP pathway either by impairment of a RAS GTPase-activating protein (GLC1/IRA1 and GLC4/IRA2) or by activating Ras2p (GLC5/RAS2).(More)
Glc7p is an essential serine/threonine type 1 protein phosphatase (PP1) from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which has a role in many processes including cell cycle progression, sporulation, glycogen accumulation, translation initiation, and glucose repression. Two hallmarks of PP1 enzymes are very high amino acid sequence conservation and association(More)
BACKGROUND Different patterns of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) including mid-wall fibrosis using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) have been reported in adult patients presenting with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In these studies, LGE was associated with pronounced LV remodelling and predicted adverse cardiac outcomes. Accordingly,(More)
The generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells by controlled delivery of reprogramming factors enables the derivation of pluripotent cells from a variety of somatic cell types. Patient-tailored iPS cells remove the major roadblock of immune rejection for clinical applications associated with the use of human embryonic stem (hES) cells. Beside(More)
The Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS) is a rare autosomal recessive form of the long QT syndrome linked with a profound hearing loss caused by mutations affecting both alleles of either the KCNQ1 or the KCNE1 gene. We carried out a mutant screening of the KCNQ1 and KCNE1 genes in a clinical diagnosed German family with JLNS. Family members were(More)
Previously described mutations in RAS genes that cause a dominant activated phenotype affect the intrinsic biochemical properties of RAS proteins, either decreasing the intrinsic GTPase or reducing the affinity for guanine nucleotides. In this report, we describe a novel activating mutation in the RAS2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that does not alter(More)
OBJECTIVE Hereditary long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by prolonged QT intervals and an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Mutations in the voltage-gated potassium channel subunit KCNQ1 induce the most common form of LQTS. KCNQ1 is associated with two different entities of LQTS,(More)