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The Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS) is a rare autosomal recessive form of the long QT syndrome linked with a profound hearing loss caused by mutations affecting both alleles of either the KCNQ1 or the KCNE1 gene. We carried out a mutant screening of the KCNQ1 and KCNE1 genes in a clinical diagnosed German family with JLNS. Family members were(More)
Previously described mutations in RAS genes that cause a dominant activated phenotype affect the intrinsic biochemical properties of RAS proteins, either decreasing the intrinsic GTPase or reducing the affinity for guanine nucleotides. In this report, we describe a novel activating mutation in the RAS2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that does not alter(More)
OBJECTIVE Early coronary reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium is a desired therapeutic goal to preserve myocardium. However, reperfusion itself contributes to an additional myocardial injury (ie, reperfusion injury), which has been attributed to neutrophil infiltration with subsequent release of proteases and oxygen-derived radicals. We studied the(More)
Functional complementation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae glycogen branching enzyme deficiency was screened to isolate human cDNAs that encode this enzyme. Human hepatoma cell line HepG2-derived cDNA libraries using the pAB23BXN yeast expression vector yielded four cDNAs capable of complementing the glc3::TRP1 glycogen branching enzyme mutation.(More)
Cardiomyocytes generated from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are suggested for repopulation of destroyed myocardium. Because contractile properties are crucial for functional regeneration, we compared cardiomyocytes differentiated from ES cells (ESC-CMs) and iPS cells (iPS-CMs). Native myocardium served as control.(More)
Forty-eight mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with defects in glycogen metabolism were isolated. The mutations defined eight GLC genes, the function of which were determined. Mutations in three of these genes activate the RAS/cAMP pathway either by impairment of a RAS GTPase-activating protein (GLC1/IRA1 and GLC4/IRA2) or by activating Ras2p (GLC5/RAS2).(More)
Romano-Ward syndrome (RWS), the autosomal dominant form of the congenital long QT syndrome, is characterised by prolongation of the cardiac repolarisation process associated with ventricular tachyarrhythmias of the torsades de pointes type. Genetic studies have identified mutations in six ion channel genes, KCNQ1, KCNH2, SCN5A, KCNE1 and KCNE2 and the(More)
The umbilical cord blood derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to vascular regeneration in experimental models of ischaemia. However, their ability to participate in cardiovascular tissue restoration has not been elucidated yet. We employed a novel coculture system to investigate whether human EPCs have the capacity to integrate into living(More)
BACKGROUND Different patterns of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) including mid-wall fibrosis using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) have been reported in adult patients presenting with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In these studies, LGE was associated with pronounced LV remodelling and predicted adverse cardiac outcomes. Accordingly,(More)
Glc7p is an essential serine/threonine type 1 protein phosphatase (PP1) from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which has a role in many processes including cell cycle progression, sporulation, glycogen accumulation, translation initiation, and glucose repression. Two hallmarks of PP1 enzymes are very high amino acid sequence conservation and association(More)