Markus J Tamás

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The accumulation of compatible solutes, such as glycerol, in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is a ubiquitous mechanism in cellular osmoregulation. Here, we demonstrate that yeast cells control glycerol accumulation in part via a regulated, Fps1p-mediated export of glycerol. Fps1p is a member of the MIP family of channel proteins most closely related to(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae FPS1 gene encodes a glycerol channel protein involved in osmoregulation. We present evidence that Fps1p mediates influx of the trivalent metalloids arsenite and antimonite in yeast. Deletion of FPS1 improves tolerance to arsenite and potassium antimonyl tartrate. Under high osmolarity conditions, when the Fps1p channel is(More)
Arsenic is a toxic and highly abundant metalloid that endangers human health through drinking water and the food chain. The most common forms of arsenic in the environment are arsenate (As(V)) and arsenite (As(III)). As(V) is a non-functional phosphate analog that enters the food chain via plant phosphate transporters. Inside cells, As(V) becomes reduced to(More)
Arsenic is ubiquitously present in nature, and various mechanisms have evolved enabling cells to evade toxicity and acquire tolerance. Herein, we explored how Saccharomyces cerevisiae (budding yeast) respond to trivalent arsenic (arsenite) by quantitative transcriptome, proteome, and sulfur metabolite profiling. Arsenite exposure affected transcription of(More)
A major part of the transcriptional response of yeast cells to osmotic shock is controlled by the HOG pathway and several downstream transcription factors. Sko1p is a repressor that mediates HOG pathway-dependent regulation by binding to CRE sites in target promoters. Here, we report five target genes of Hog1p-Sko1p: GRE2, AHP1, SFA1, GLR1 and YML131w. The(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae HOG pathway controls responses to osmotic shock such as production of the osmolyte glycerol. Here we show that the HOG pathway can be stimulated by addition of glycerol. This stimulation was strongly diminished in cells expressing an unregulated Fps1p glycerol channel, presumably because glycerol rapidly equilibrated across the(More)
Toxic metals and metalloids are widespread in nature and can locally reach fairly high concentrations. To ensure cellular protection and survival in such environments, all organisms possess systems to evade toxicity and acquire tolerance. This review provides an overview of the molecular mechanisms that contribute to metal toxicity, detoxification and(More)
Arsenic is widely distributed in nature and all organisms possess regulatory mechanisms to evade toxicity and acquire tolerance. Yet, little is known about arsenic sensing and signaling mechanisms or about their impact on tolerance and detoxification systems. Here, we describe a novel role of the S. cerevisiae mitogen-activated protein kinase Hog1p in(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) and aquaglyceroporins facilitate transport of a broad spectrum of substrates such as water, glycerol and other small uncharged solutes. More recently, AQPs ave also been shown to facilitate diffusion of metalloids such as arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb). At neutral pH, the trivalent forms of these metalloids are structurally similar to(More)
Toxic metals are ubiquitous in the environment and all organisms possess systems to evade toxicity and acquire tolerance. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae AP-1-like protein Yap8p (systematic name YPR199c; also known as Acr1p and Arr1p) confers arsenic tolerance by stimulating enhanced transcription of the arsenic-specific detoxification genes ACR2 and ACR3.(More)