Markus Hoffmann

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Degenerative and inflammatory joint diseases lead to a destruction of the joint architecture. Whereas degenerative osteoarthritis results in the formation of new bone, rheumatoid arthritis leads to bone resorption. The molecular basis of these different patterns of joint disease is unknown. By inhibiting Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), a regulatory molecule of the Wnt(More)
Interferon-regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is essential for the development of T helper 2 (Th2) and Th17 cells. Herein, we report that IRF4 is also crucial for the development and function of an interleukin-9 (IL-9)-producing CD4(+) T cell subset designated Th9. IRF4-deficient CD4(+) T cells failed to develop into IL-9-producing Th9 cells, and IRF4-specific(More)
Gout is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction and the accumulation of neutrophils in response to monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. Inflammation resolves spontaneously within a few days, although MSU crystals can still be detected in the synovial fluid and affected tissues. Here we report that neutrophils recruited to sites of inflammation undergo(More)
Infections with human papillomaviruses are divided basically into three different infection types: those producing specific clinically visible lesions, those remaining subclinical, and those being latent. The assumed infection type thought to be present in tissue specimens has influence on the conclusions that can be made from an analysis, i.e. whether or(More)
The causal role of human papillomaviruses (HPV) in squamous cell carcinogenesis of tonsillar cancers (TSCC) depends on the activity of the viral oncoproteins E6 and E7, leading to inactivation of the cellular tumor suppressor p53 and the retinoblastoma gene product pRb. Because of the negative feedback mechanisms, the pRb inactivation causes an increase of(More)
To assess the relative capacity of the human delta opioid receptor to activate closely related G proteins, fusion proteins were constructed in which the alpha-subunits of either G(i1) or G(o1), containing point mutations to render them insensitive to the actions of pertussis toxin, were linked in-frame with the C-terminus of the receptor. Following(More)
OBJECTIVES Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is linked to oropharyngeal cancer. This analysis investigated possible associations between HPV status, smoking history and survival outcome in patients with neck metastasis and carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). MATERIALS AND METHODS Registries at the Universities of Hamburg and Kiel were searched for(More)
Members of the lysyl oxidase family (LOX) are copper and lysyl-tyrosine quinone cofactor-containing amine oxidases that are important for the assembly and maintenance of components of the extracellular matrix. Our previous results demonstrated that a novel member, LOXL4, is overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) compared to normal(More)
This study was conducted to compare attitudes of psychiatrists, other professionals, and laypeople towards compulsory admission and treatment of patients with schizophrenia in different European countries. Three case reports of patients with schizophrenia were presented to N=1,737 persons: 235 in England, 622 in Germany, 319 in Hungary, and 561 in(More)
UNLABELLED The contribution of (18)F-FDG uptake by endothelial cells to uptake values measured by PET in various tissues is as yet unclear. We therefore sought to characterize (18)F-FDG uptake in an in vitro model of human endothelial cells. METHODS Commercially obtained human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were seeded in 6-multiwell plates(More)