Markus Hellmuth

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Cartilage-specific extracellular matrix synthesis is the prerequisite for chondrocyte survival and cartilage function, but is affected by the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha in arthritis. The aim of the present study was to characterize whether the immunoregulatory cytokine IL-10 might modulate cartilage matrix and cytokine expression in response to(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) appears to act as an inflammatory mediator on monocytic cells. Exogenous NO augmented release of chemokines from human promonocytic U937 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Pharmacological strategies aiming at modulation of NO-induced release of interleukin-8 (IL-8) were investigated in U937 cells in detail. Release of IL-8 was(More)
Inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) appears to be a marker of tumor progression in colon carcinogenesis. Here we investigated effects of NO on selected chemokines that differentially regulate angiogenesis, namely pro-angiogenic interleukin (IL)-8 as well as tumor-suppressive interferon-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and monokine induced by(More)
The protease inhibitor ritonavir is an integral part of current antiretroviral therapy targeting human immunodeficiency virus. Recent studies demonstrate that ritonavir induces apoptotic cell death with high efficiency in lymphoblastoid cell lines. Moreover, ritonavir can suppress activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB and is an(More)
Interleukin (IL)-8, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) appear to be critically involved in immune responses associated with inflammation, infection and tumor growth. Regulation of these mediators was studied in the human colon carcinoma cell line DLD-1. Here we report that pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) not only(More)
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