Markus Haisjackl

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Abstract Objective. To determine associations between intensive care resource utilisation and centre-, patient- and procedure-related factors. Design. Prospective multicentre cohort study. Setting. Twenty-one European intensive care units. Patients and participants. Four thousand four hundred adult patients who had undergone cardiac or thoracic aortic(More)
Sepsis causes lymphopenia which is inversely correlated with patient survival. The role of apoptosis-specific immune-activation and activation-induced cell-death in sepsis is incompletely understood. Fifteen septic patients and 20 healthy controls were included. T-cell proliferation was measured by [3H]thymidine uptake. Apoptosis and cell phenotype were(More)
AIMS Uncoupled endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is a major contributor to vascular reactive oxygen species generation in ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Supplementation of NO by the novel NO donor S-nitroso human serum albumin (S-NO-HSA) may inhibit uncoupling of eNOS (feedback inhibition). METHODS AND RESULTS Pigs (n = 14; 33.1 +/- 1.7 kg)(More)
Reactive hyperemia (RH) in the forearm skin after an arterial occlusion of 5 min was investigated in 29 ICU patients and 17 age-matched healthy control subjects using a transcutaneous PO2/PCO2 electrode heated to 37 degrees C. There was no difference in preocclusive baseline PtCO2 between patients (8 +/- 5 torr) and control subjects (8 +/- 4 torr). Patients(More)
Transcutaneus PO2 (PtcO2) is suggested to reflect tissue oxygenation in intensive care patients, whereas transcutaneous PCO2 (PtcCO2) is advocated as a noninvasive method for assessing PaCO2. In 24 critically ill adult patients (mean Apache II score 14.2, SD 4.7) we investigated the impact of variables that are commonly thought to determine PtcO2 and PtcCO2(More)
Anemia may promote intestinal hypoxia. We studied the effects of progressive isovolemic hemodilution on jejunal mucosal (Po2muc), and serosal tissue oxygen tension (Po2ser, Clark-type surface electrodes), mucosal microvascular hemoglobin oxygen saturation (Hbo2muc), and hematocrit (Hctmuc; tissue reflectance spectophotometry) in a jejunal segment. Twelve(More)
BACKGROUND Weaning of patients from mechanical cardiac support after myocardial recovery has always involved multiple, interacting factors, particularly the training of the myocardium during reduction of pump flow. Rotary pumps offer training advantages when support flow is reduced, even to nearly zero. We report a computer analysis that evaluates the work(More)
Effects of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (2 min-1; LPS), given systemically (S) or via superior mesenteric artery (M), and consecutive dopamine infusion (16 min-1) on jejunal mucosal tissue O2 tension (PO2muc) and serosal tissue O2 tension (PO2ser; Clark-type surface electrodes) and jejunal mucosal microvascular(More)
The mucosa of the small intestine has some unique microcirculatory features that may result in significant tissue oxygenation changes even under physiological conditions. To prove this hypothesis we investigated mucosal and serosal oxygenation in an autoperfused, innervated jejunal segment in pigs. Eight animals (30-40 kg) were anesthetized, paralyzed, and(More)
The effect of intravenously delivered dopamine on jejunal tissue oxygenation was studied in 12 pigs anesthetized with midazolam and sufentanil and mechanically ventilated. A small segment of the jejunal mucosa and serosa was exposed by midline laparotomy and antimesenteric incision. Mucosal and serosal tissue PO2, mucosal microvascular hemoglobin oxygen(More)