Markus Haacker

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The HIV/AIDS epidemic has resulted in significant increases in mortality rates in the affected countries, and it is now the leading cause of death in southern Africa. In Botswana, one of the worst-affected countries, with an adult HIV prevalence rate of 37.3 percent, mortality among the working-age population had increased to 3.8 percent a year (of which(More)
This paper offers an analysis of the costs and the financing of HIV/AIDS programs for countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The rate of external financing varies with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, but not much at all with HIV prevalence. In six of the thirty-four countries examined, the costs of HIV/AIDS programs will exceed 3 percent of GDP by 2015.(More)
1 SAME Modelling and Economics, Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, 2 Imperial College, London, United Kingdom, 3 Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, 4 Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University,(More)
Optima is a software package for modeling HIV epidemics and interventions that we developed to address practical policy and program problems encountered by funders, governments, health planners, and program implementers. Optima's key feature is its ability to perform resource optimization to meet strategic HIV objectives, including HIV-related financial(More)
BACKGROUND Niger's low-burden, sex-work-driven HIV epidemic is situated in a context of high economic and demographic growth. Resource availability of HIV/AIDS has been decreasing recently. In 2007-2012, only 1% of HIV expenditure was for sex work interventions, but an estimated 37% of HIV incidence was directly linked to sex work in 2012. The Government of(More)
BACKGROUND Empirical studies and population-level policy simulations show the importance of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in generalized epidemics. This paper complements available scenario-based studies (projecting costs and outcomes over some policy period, typically spanning decades) by adopting an incremental approach-analyzing the expected(More)
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