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The mycotoxin alternariol (AOH) has been reported to possess genotoxic properties, inducing enhanced levels of DNA damage after only 1 h of incubation. In the present study we addressed the question whether the induction of oxidative stress might contribute to the genotoxic effects of AOH or its naturally occurring monomethylether (AME). In the(More)
Alternariol (AOH), a mycotoxin formed by Alternaria alternata, has been reported to possess genotoxic properties. However, the underlying mechanism of action is unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis that interactions with DNA-topoisomerases play a role in the DNA-damaging properties of AOH. First we compared DNA-damaging properties of AOH with other(More)
Alternariol (AOH) was reported recently to act as a topoisomerase poison. To underline the relevance of topoisomerase targeting for the genotoxic properties of AOH, we addressed the question whether human tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (TDP1), an enzyme vital to the repair of covalent DNA-topoisomerase adducts, affects AOH-mediated genotoxicity. The(More)
The plant alkaloid lycobetaine has potent topoisomerase-targeting properties and shows anticancer activity. Based on these findings, several lycobetaine analogs were synthesized mainly differing in their substituents at 2, 8 and 9 position and their biological activities were evaluated. The topoisomerase-targeting properties and cytotoxicity of these(More)
A 1-year-old male chinchilla with a 2-week history of conjunctivitis suffered subsequently from neurological signs comprising seizures, disorientation, recumbency and apathy. After 3 weeks of progressive central nervous disease the animal was killed in view of the poor prognosis. A non-suppurative meningitis and polioencephalitis with neuronal necrosis and(More)
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