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Hsp33, a member of a newly discovered heat shock protein family, was found to be a very potent molecular chaperone. Hsp33 is distinguished from all other known molecular chaperones by its mode of functional regulation. Its activity is redox regulated. Hsp33 is a cytoplasmically localized protein with highly reactive cysteines that respond quickly to changes(More)
The chaperone activity of the heat shock protein Hsp33 is regulated by reversible disulfide bond formation. Oxidized Hsp33 is active, and reduced Hsp33 is inactive. We show that zinc binding is essential for the function of this redox switch. Our results reveal that Hps33 contains a new, high affinity (K(a) > 10(17) m(-)(1)), zinc-binding motif in the form(More)
In bacteria, disulfide bonds confer stability on many proteins exported to the cell envelope or beyond. These proteins include numerous bacterial virulence factors, and thus bacterial enzymes that promote disulfide bond formation represent targets for compounds inhibiting bacterial virulence. Here, we describe a new target- and cell-based screening(More)
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