Markus Draaken

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Early post-twinning mutational events can account for discordant phenotypes in monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs. Such mutational events may comprise genomic alterations of different sizes, ranging from single nucleotides to large copy-number variations (CNVs). Anorectal malformations (ARM) and the bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) represent the most(More)
BACKGROUND Epispadias is the mildest phenotype of the human bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC), and presents with varying degrees of severity. This urogenital birth defect results from a disturbance in the septation process, during which separate urogenital and anorectal components are formed through division of the cloaca. This process is reported(More)
The non-random association of vertebral defects (V), anorectal malformations (A), cardiac defects (C), tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia (TE), renal malformations (R), and limb defects (L) is termed VACTERL association. The aim of the present study was to identify microaberrations characterized by a loss or gain of genomic material that(More)
The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by the triad of congenital cataracts, mental retardation and a renal proximal tubulopathy. Although severity of phenotype might vary, congenital cataracts are part of the definition of this rare disorder.We report a 13-year-old patient with the typical cerebrorenal(More)
To uncover pathogenic deep intronic variants in patients with colorectal adenomatous polyposis, in whom no germline mutation in the APC or MUTYH genes can be identified by routine diagnostics, we performed a systematic APC messenger RNA analysis in 125 unrelated mutation-negative cases. Overall, we identified aberrant transcripts in 8% of the patients(More)
To uncover novel causative genes in patients with unexplained adenomatous polyposis, a model disease for colorectal cancer, we performed a genome-wide analysis of germline copy number variants (CNV) in a large, well characterized APC and MUTYH mutation negative patient cohort followed by a targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) approach. Genomic DNA from(More)
Multicentric carpotarsal osteolysis syndrome (MCTO) is a rare autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia usually presenting in early childhood with variable phenotypic features and course. Clinical manifestations comprise aggressive osteolysis of the carpal and tarsal bones in particular, an often progressive nephropathy leading to end-stage renal disease,(More)
Urinary bladder malformations associated with bladder outlet obstruction are a frequent cause of progressive renal failure in children. We here describe a muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3 (CHRM3) (1q41-q44) homozygous frameshift mutation in familial congenital bladder malformation associated with a prune-belly-like syndrome, defining an isolated gene(More)
The exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) comprises a spectrum of urogenital anomalies in which part or all of the distal urinary tract fails to close. The present study aimed to identify microaberrations characterized by loss or gain of genomic material that contribute to the EEC at a genome-wide level. Molecular karyotyping, utilizing 549,839 single(More)
Anorectal malformations (ARM) range from mild anal to severe anorectal anomalies. Approximately 50% are estimated to be non-syndromic with multiple familial cases reported that suggest underlying genetic factors. These, however, still await identification. We report a familial case of non-syndromic ARM with a mother and her two children being affected.(More)