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The Id2 transcriptional repressor is essential for development of natural killer (NK) cells, lymphoid tissue-inducing (LTi) cells, and secondary lymphoid tissues. Id2 was proposed to regulate NK and LTi lineage specification from multipotent progenitors through suppression of E proteins. We report that NK cell progenitors are not reduced in the bone marrow(More)
CD8(+) T cells are selected via low-affinity interaction with MHC class I molecules on thymic epithelial cells (TECs). However, compromised T cell receptor signaling was proposed to force CD8(+) T cell selection on hematopoietic cells through a SLAM-associated protein (SAP)-dependent mechanism similar to NKT cells. The outcome is an unconventional CD8(+) T(More)
Multiple sclerosis is an immune-mediated brain disease ameliorated by interferon-beta therapy. Immune responses to IFN-alpha and IFN-beta are sometimes subnormal in MS peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs), suggesting an underlying defect in type I IFN signaling. We studied IFN-beta regulation of mRNA and protein induction for IFN regulatory factor-1(More)
We report six new cases of lipofibromatosis, an uncommon pediatric soft tissue neoplasm. This is the only series of patients to be described since the initial case series of 45 patients that characterized this entity in 2000. The purpose of this study was to characterize the presentation of lipofibromatosis to further define the clinical phenotype of this(More)
Background: Id3 is a dominant antagonist of E protein transcription factor activity that is induced by signals emanating from the ab and cd T cell receptor (TCR). Mice lacking Id3 were previously shown to have subtle defects in positive and negative selection of TCRab + T lymphocytes. More recently, Id3 2/2 mice on a C57BL/6 background were shown to have a(More)
BACKGROUND Id3 is a dominant antagonist of E protein transcription factor activity that is induced by signals emanating from the alphabeta and gammadelta T cell receptor (TCR). Mice lacking Id3 were previously shown to have subtle defects in positive and negative selection of TCRalphabeta+ T lymphocytes. More recently, Id3(-/-) mice on a C57BL/6 background(More)
Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is an uncommon, locally aggressive, malignant cutaneous tumor with pilar and eccrine differentiation. Mohs micrographic surgery is the treatment of choice for this condition, but specific histological findings can complicate MAC removal and leave doubt as to whether the tumor has been completely removed. Here we describe(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that play a critical role in both adaptive and innate immune responses. These cells develop from multipotent progenitors in the embryonic thymus and neonatal or adult bone marrow and recent evidence suggests that a subset of these cells may develop in the thymus. Thymus- and bone marrow-derived NK cells have unique(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 modulates a variety of cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation and cell death. However, we report here a novel function for p38, i.e. the regulation of cytotoxic lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity. Stimulation of NK cells by either cross-linking of their FcgammaRIII receptors or by binding(More)
A 4-year-old boy developed a headache. Initial evaluation revealed a normal neurologic examination and a right subdural hygroma on CT. Worsening headaches led to hospitalization at an outside institution. MRI showed leptomeningeal enhancement; magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was normal. Infectious, rheumatologic, hematologic, and CSF studies were(More)