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Mutations in all four known KCNQ potassium channel alpha-subunit genes lead to human diseases. KCNQ1 (KvLQT1) interacts with the beta-subunit KCNE1 (IsK, minK) to form the slow, depolarization-activated potassium current I(Ks) that is affected in some forms of cardiac arrhythmia. Here we show that the novel beta-subunit KCNE3 markedly changes KCNQ1(More)
In vitro perfused rat thick ascending limbs of Henle's loop (TAL) were used (n = 260) to analyse the conductance properties of the luminal membrane applying the patch-clamp technique. Medullary (mTAL) and cortical (cTAL) tubule segments were dissected and perfused in vitro. The free end of the tubule was held and immobilized at one edge by a holding pipette(More)
The paracellular claudin channel of the thick ascending limb (TAL) of Henle is critical for Ca(++) reabsorption in the kidney. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified claudin-14 associated with hypercalciuric nephrolithiasis. Here, we show that claudin-14 promoter activity and transcript are exclusively localized in the TAL. Under normal(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) airway cells, besides their well-known defect in cAMP-dependent Cl- conductance, are characterized by an enhanced Na+ conductance. In this study we have examined the Na+ conductance in human respiratory tract by measuring transepithelial voltage and resistance (Vte, Rte) and by assessing membrane voltages (Vm) of freshly isolated airway(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) on cellular functions of rat podocytes (pod) in the intact freshly isolated glomerulus and in culture. Membrane voltage (Vm) and ion currents of pod were examined with the patch clamp technique in fast whole cell and whole cell nystatin configuration. Vm of pod was -38+/-1 mV (n =(More)
The electrochemical gradient for K+ across the luminal membrane of the proximal tubule favors K+ fluxes to the lumen. Here it was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry that KCNE1 and KCNQ1, which form together the slowly activated component of the delayed rectifying K+ current in the heart, also colocalize in the luminal membrane of proximal tubule in mouse(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR)-deficient mice were generated by gene targeting. These animals had a normal prenatal development. During the first week of life, MR-deficient (-/-) mice developed symptoms of pseudohypoaldosteronism. They finally lost weight and eventually died at around day 10 after birth from dehydration by renal sodium and water loss. At(More)
OBJECTIVES AVE0118 is a novel blocker of the K(+) channels K(v)1.5 and K(v)4.3 which are the molecular basis for the human cardiac ultrarapid delayed rectifier potassium current (I(Kur)) and the transient outward current (I(to)). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of AVE0118 on atrial refractoriness (ERP), left atrial vulnerability(More)
Tight junctions play a key role in mediating paracellular ion reabsorption in the kidney. Familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC) is a human disorder caused by mutations in the tight junction protein claudin-16. However, the molecular mechanisms underlining the renal handling of magnesium and its dysfunction causing FHHNC(More)
Vasopressin influences salt and water transport in renal epithelia. This is coordinated by the combined action of V2 receptor-mediated effects along distinct nephron segments. Modulation of NaCl reabsorption by vasopressin has been established in the loop of Henle, but its role in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT), an effective site for fine regulation of(More)