Markus Björklund

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To investigate the roles of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) subtype 2 receptor in the modulation of rat thalamocortical oscillations, the effects of systemic (s.c.) administration of nicotine, a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist, and 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI), a 5-HT2(More)
We evaluated the cognitive effects of two moderate doses (30 mg/kg x 3 every 12 h and 20 mg/kg x 6 every 8 h, i.p.) of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-l,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in mice. The dose of 30 mg/kg x 3 caused about 60% depletion of striatal dopamine but did not reduce the levels of its metabolites. Mice treated with MPTP did not differ from controls in(More)
A five-choice serial reaction time (5-CSRT) task was used to assess attention in rats. In this behavioral paradigm, the rats are required to spatially discriminate a short visual stimulus that will occur randomly in one of five locations while maintaining a sufficient activity level. The ability of a rat to maintain attention on the task can be measured by(More)
We investigated if activation of the muscarinic or nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) subtype 2 receptors would have additive or synergistic effects on the suppression of thalamocortically generated rhythmic neocortical high-voltage spindles (HVSs) in aged rats. The 5-HT2 receptor antagonist, ketanserin, at a(More)
To investigate the role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) receptors in the modulation of rat thalamocortical oscillations, we studied the effects of 5-HT1/5-HT2 receptor subtype specific drugs on neocortical high-voltage spindle activity in adult male rats. A 5-HT1A receptor agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) (0.03, 0.1, 0.3(More)
We investigated the role of overexpression of alpha2C-adrenoceptors in water maze navigation in mice transgenically manipulated to have a threefold overexpression of the alpha2C-adrenoreceptors. Alpha2C-adrenoreceptors overexpressing mice swam more in the peripheral annulus of the pool and did not find the hidden escape platform as well as the wild type(More)
Alpha2-adrenergic drugs modulate cortical arousal and EEG. However, the role of individual alpha2-adrenoceptor (alpha(2)-AR) subtypes in these functions is not clear. We investigated the role of alpha(2C)-ARs in the modulation of baseline cortical EEG activity and EEG responses to the alpha(2)-AR selective agonist, dexmedetomidine (3-300 microg/kg, s.c.),(More)
Drugs acting via alpha2-adrenoceptors modulate cognitive functions mediated via frontostriatothalamic feedback loops. The alpha2C-adrenoceptor subtype is expressed in the basal ganglia, hippocampus, and neocortex, areas that are involved in memory and other cognitive functions. alpha2C-Overexpressing (OE) mice were impaired in spatial or nonspatial water(More)
We investigated the role of alpha2C-adrenoceptors in the modulation of spatial and non-spatial navigation behaviour. Alpha2C-adrenoceptor overexpressing mice developed an ineffective thigmotaxic search pattern characterized by swimming close to the pool walls during both spatial and non-spatial water maze training. A subtype-non-selective(More)
We investigated the ability of a cholinesterase inhibitor, metrifonate, to desynchronize cortical EEG activity. Metrifonate suppressed immobility-related high voltage spindling activity in young and aged rats at doses of 30 and 60 mg kg-1, p.o., and 10, 30 and 60 mg kg-1, p.o., respectively. The increase in EEG 1-20 Hz amplitude induced by scopolamine (0.2(More)