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For wetting films in dilute electrolyte solutions close to charged walls we present analytic expressions for their effective interface potentials. The analysis of these expressions renders the conditions under which corresponding wetting transitions can be first- or second-order. Within mean field theory we consider two models, one with short- and one with(More)
  • Markus Bier
  • Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and…
  • 2015
The concept of a nonequilibrium interfacial tension, defined via the work required to deform a system such that the interfacial area is changed while the volume is conserved, is investigated theoretically in the context of the relaxation of an initial perturbation of a colloidal fluid towards the equilibrium state. The corresponding general formalism is(More)
The influence of ions on the bulk phase behavior of binary liquid mixtures acting as their solvents and on the corresponding interfacial structures close to a planar wall is investigated by means of density functional theory based on local descriptions of the effective interactions between ions and their solvents. The bilinear coupling approximation (BCA),(More)
Interfaces between demixed fluid phases of binary mixtures of hard platelets are investigated using density-functional theory. The corresponding excess free energy functional is calculated within a fundamental measure theory adapted to the Zwanzig model, in which the orientations of the particles of rectangular shape are restricted to three orthogonal(More)
Dense suspensions of small strongly interacting particles are complex systems, which are rarely understood on the microscopic level. We investigate properties of dense suspensions and sediments of small spherical Al2O3 particles in a shear cell by means of a combined Molecular Dynamics (MD) and Stochastic Rotation Dynamics (SRD) simulation. We study(More)
Wetting of a charged substrate by an electrolyte solution is investigated by means of classical density functional theory applied to a lattice model. Within the present model the pure, i.e., salt-free solvent, for which all interactions are of the nearest-neighbor type only, exhibits a second-order wetting transition for all strengths of the(More)
The possibility to extract properties of an interface between two immiscible liquids, e.g., electrolyte solutions or polyelectrolyte multilayers, by means of impedance spectroscopy is investigated theoretically within a dynamic density-functional theory which is equivalent to the Nernst-Planck-Poisson theory. An approach based on a two-step fitting(More)
Bulk properties and free interfaces of mixtures of charged platelike colloids and salt are studied within the density-functional theory. The particles are modeled by hard cuboids with their edges constrained to be parallel to the Cartesian axes corresponding to the Zwanzig model. The charges of the particles are concentrated in their center. The density(More)
It is theoretically shown that the excess liquid-liquid interfacial tension between two electrolyte solutions as a function of the ionic strength I behaves asymptotically as O(-sqrt[I]) for small I and as O(+/-I) for large I. The former regime is dominated by the electrostatic potential due to an unequal partitioning of ions between the two liquids whereas(More)
The electrostatic interaction in ionic fluids is well known to give rise to a characteristic phase behavior and structure. Sometimes its long range is proposed to single out the electrostatic potential over other interactions with shorter ranges. Here the importance of the range for the phase behavior and the structure of ionic fluids is investigated by(More)