Markus Berger

Learn More
Glucocorticoids are among the most successful therapies in the treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Their efficacy seems to be caused by the interference of the ligand-activated glucocorticoid receptor with many pro-inflammatory pathways via different mechanisms. The ubiquitous expression of the glucocorticoid receptor is a(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) exert immunosuppressive effects, but the molecular alterations leading to T cell inhibition are not yet elucidated. Signal transduction seems to involve detergent-resistant membrane domains (DRMs) acting as functional rafts within the plasma membrane bilayer with Src family protein tyrosine kinases being attached to their(More)
N-Acetylglucosamine is produced by the endogenous degradation of glycoconjugates and by the degradation of dietary glycoconjugates by glycosidases. It enters the pathways of aminosugar metabolism by the action of N-acetylglucosamine kinase. In this study we report the isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone encoding the murine enzyme. An open reading(More)
N-Acetylglucosamine is a major component of complex carbohydrates. The mammalian salvage pathway of N-acetylglucosamine recruitment from glycoconjugate degradation or nutritional sources starts with phosphorylation by N-acetylglucosamine kinase. In this study we describe the identification of two active site cysteines of the sugar kinase by site-directed(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with a marked and rapid sublesional bone loss. So far, reports about the time course of adaptive changes in bone mass and structure in people with chronic and complete SCI are conflicting. Both, a continuous decline of bone parameters throughout the chronic phase of immobilisation as well as stabilisation of bone(More)
Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM), a neuromuscular disorder, is caused by mutations in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE), the key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis. To date, more than 40 different mutations in the GNE gene have been reported to cause the disease. Ten of them, representing mutations in both(More)
Bleeding at the site of bite and/or systemic hemorrhage are symptoms frequently observed in envenomation by Bothrops jararaca snakes. In this study, we purified and characterized a prothrombin activator from B. jararaca that is probably involved in these clinical manifestations. The enzyme was isolated by a combination of gel filtration and ion exchange(More)
In humans and rabbits, the TPT1 gene encoding the translationally controlled tumour protein TCTP generates two mRNAs (TCTP mRNA1 and TCTP mRNA2) which differ in the length of their 3' untranslated regions. The distribution of these mRNAs was investigated in 10 rabbit and 50 human tissues. They were transcribed in all tissues investigated, but differed(More)
The first two steps in mammalian biosynthesis of N-acetylneuraminic acid, an important carbohydrate moiety in biological recognition systems, are performed by the bifunctional enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase. A subclone of the human B lymphoma cell line BJA-B K20, lacking UDP-N-acetylglucosamine(More)
We have isolated genomic recombinants containing the complete gene coding for the rabbit translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP), also known as histamine-releasing factor (HRF) P23. The gene is organized into five introns and six exons and its total length amounts to 3819 nucleotides. All intron/exon boundaries are in accordance with the GT/AG rule.(More)