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N-Acetylglucosamine is produced by the endogenous degradation of glycoconjugates and by the degradation of dietary glycoconjugates by glycosidases. It enters the pathways of aminosugar metabolism by the action of N-acetylglucosamine kinase. In this study we report the isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone encoding the murine enzyme. An open reading(More)
N-Acetylglucosamine is a major component of complex carbohydrates. The mammalian salvage pathway of N-acetylglucosamine recruitment from glycoconjugate degradation or nutritional sources starts with phosphorylation by N-acetylglucosamine kinase. In this study we describe the identification of two active site cysteines of the sugar kinase by site-directed(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) exert immunosuppressive effects, but the molecular alterations leading to T cell inhibition are not yet elucidated. Signal transduction seems to involve detergent-resistant membrane domains (DRMs) acting as functional rafts within the plasma membrane bilayer with Src family protein tyrosine kinases being attached to their(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with a marked and rapid sublesional bone loss. So far, reports about the time course of adaptive changes in bone mass and structure in people with chronic and complete SCI are conflicting. Both, a continuous decline of bone parameters throughout the chronic phase of immobilisation as well as stabilisation of bone(More)
All IgG-type antibodies are N-glycosylated in their Fc part at Asn-297. Typically, a fucose residue is attached to the first N-acetylglucosamine of these complex-type N-glycans. Antibodies lacking core fucosylation show a significantly enhanced antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and an increased efficacy of anti-tumor activity. In cases(More)
We have isolated genomic recombinants containing the complete gene coding for the rabbit translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP), also known as histamine-releasing factor (HRF) P23. The gene is organized into five introns and six exons and its total length amounts to 3819 nucleotides. All intron/exon boundaries are in accordance with the GT/AG rule.(More)
A thrombin inhibitor was identified for the first time in the gut of the cattle tick Boophilus microplus. Here we present the partial purification and characterization of this new molecule, which was purified from the gut extract by three chromatographic steps: ion-exchange, gel filtration and affinity chromatography in a thrombin-Sepharose resin. In(More)
N-Acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), a major component of complex carbohydrates, is synthesized de novo or salvaged from lysosomally degraded glycoconjugates and from nutritional sources. The salvage pathway requires that GlcNAc kinase converts GlcNAc to GlcNAc-6-phosphate, a component utilized in UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis or energy metabolism. GlcNAc kinase belongs(More)
The mangroves are among the most productive and biologically important environments. The possible presence of cellulolytic enzymes and microorganisms useful for biomass degradation as well as taxonomic and functional aspects of two Brazilian mangroves were evaluated using cultivation and metagenomic approaches. From a total of 296 microorganisms with visual(More)
Complement is an ancient danger-sensing system that contributes to host defense, immune surveillance and homeostasis. C5a and its G protein–coupled receptor mediate many of the proinflammatory properties of complement. Despite the key role of C5a in allergic asthma, autoimmune arthritis, sepsis and cancer, knowledge about its regulation is limited. Here we(More)