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N-Acetylglucosamine is produced by the endogenous degradation of glycoconjugates and by the degradation of dietary glycoconjugates by glycosidases. It enters the pathways of aminosugar metabolism by the action of N-acetylglucosamine kinase. In this study we report the isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone encoding the murine enzyme. An open reading(More)
N-Acetylglucosamine is a major component of complex carbohydrates. The mammalian salvage pathway of N-acetylglucosamine recruitment from glycoconjugate degradation or nutritional sources starts with phosphorylation by N-acetylglucosamine kinase. In this study we describe the identification of two active site cysteines of the sugar kinase by site-directed(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) exert immunosuppressive effects, but the molecular alterations leading to T cell inhibition are not yet elucidated. Signal transduction seems to involve detergent-resistant membrane domains (DRMs) acting as functional rafts within the plasma membrane bilayer with Src family protein tyrosine kinases being attached to their(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with a marked and rapid sublesional bone loss. So far, reports about the time course of adaptive changes in bone mass and structure in people with chronic and complete SCI are conflicting. Both, a continuous decline of bone parameters throughout the chronic phase of immobilisation as well as stabilisation of bone(More)
We have isolated genomic recombinants containing the complete gene coding for the rabbit translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP), also known as histamine-releasing factor (HRF) P23. The gene is organized into five introns and six exons and its total length amounts to 3819 nucleotides. All intron/exon boundaries are in accordance with the GT/AG rule.(More)
Glucocorticoids are among the most successful therapies in the treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Their efficacy seems to be caused by the interference of the ligand-activated glucocorticoid receptor with many pro-inflammatory pathways via different mechanisms. The ubiquitous expression of the glucocorticoid receptor is a(More)
In humans and rabbits, the TPT1 gene encoding the translationally controlled tumour protein TCTP generates two mRNAs (TCTP mRNA1 and TCTP mRNA2) which differ in the length of their 3' untranslated regions. The distribution of these mRNAs was investigated in 10 rabbit and 50 human tissues. They were transcribed in all tissues investigated, but differed(More)
BACKGROUND Under inflammatory conditions, T cell-dependent (TD) protein antigens induce proinflammatory T- and B-cell responses. In contrast, tolerance induction by TD antigens without costimulation triggers the development of regulatory T cells. Under both conditions, IgG antibodies are generated, but whether they have different immunoregulatory functions(More)
All IgG-type antibodies are N-glycosylated in their Fc part at Asn-297. Typically, a fucose residue is attached to the first N-acetylglucosamine of these complex-type N-glycans. Antibodies lacking core fucosylation show a significantly enhanced antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and an increased efficacy of anti-tumor activity. In cases(More)
A thrombin inhibitor was identified for the first time in the gut of the cattle tick Boophilus microplus. Here we present the partial purification and characterization of this new molecule, which was purified from the gut extract by three chromatographic steps: ion-exchange, gel filtration and affinity chromatography in a thrombin–Sepharose resin. In(More)