Learn More
Analyses on DNA microarrays depend considerably on spot quality and a low background signal of the glass support. By using betaine as an additive to a spotting solution made of saline sodium citrate, both the binding efficiency of spotted PCR products and the homogeneity of the DNA spots is improved significantly on aminated surfaces such as glass slides(More)
Here we describe a novel microarray platform that integrates all functions needed to perform any array-based experiment in a compact instrument on the researcher's laboratory benchtop. Oligonucle otide probes are synthesized in situ via a light- activated process within the channels of a three-dimensional microfluidic reaction carrier. Arrays can be(More)
In a multicenter study, we determined the expression profiles of 863 microRNAs by array analysis of 454 blood samples from human individuals with different cancers or noncancer diseases, and validated this 'miRNome' by quantitative real-time PCR. We detected consistently deregulated profiles for all tested diseases; pathway analysis confirmed disease(More)
A chemistry was developed that permits on DNA-arrays both the covalent immobilisation of pre-fabricated nucleic acids-such as oligonucleotides, PCR-products or peptide nucleic acid oligomers-and the in situ synthesis of such compounds on either glass or polypropylene surfaces. Bonding was found to be stable even after some 30 cycles of stripping. Due to a(More)
For DNA chip analyses, oligonucleotide quality has immense consequences for accuracy, sensitivity and dynamic range. The quality of chips produced by photolithographic in situ synthesis depends critically on the efficiency of photo-deprotection. By means of base-assisted enhancement of this process using(More)
OBJECTIVE There is evidence of an interaction between psychological factors and activity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We examined the influence of depressive mood and associated anxiety on the course of IBD over a period of 18 months in a cohort of patients after an episode of active disease. METHODS In this prospective, longitudinal,(More)
Hybridization of rRNAs to microarrays is a promising approach for prokaryotic and eukaryotic species identification. Typically, the amount of bound target is measured by fluorescent intensity and it is assumed that the signal intensity is directly related to the target concentration. Using thirteen different eukaryotic LSU rRNA target sequences and 7693(More)
The segmentation of objects in video sequences constitutes a prerequisite for numerous applications ranging from computer vision tasks to second-generation video coding.We propose an approach for segmenting video objects based on motion cues. To estimate motion we employ the 3D structure tensor, an operator that provides reliable results by integrating(More)
Implicit active contour models are widely used in image processing and computer vision tasks. Most implementations, however, are based on explicit updating schemes and are therefore of limited computational efficiency. In this paper, we present fast algorithms based on the semi-implicit additive operator splitting (AOS) scheme for both the geometric and the(More)
A solid process for diagnosis could have a substantial impact on the successful treatment of pancreatic cancer, for which currently mortality is nearly identical to incidence. Variations in the abundance of all microRNA molecules from peripheral blood cells and pancreas tissues were analyzed on microarrays and in part validated by real-time PCR assays. In(More)