Markus B. Zimmer

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The dramatic fall in heart rate exhibited by mammals entering hibernation begins before there is any noticeable fall in body temperature. The initial, progressive decrease in heart rate is the result of a cyclic parasympathetic activation that induces skipped beats and regular asystoles as well as slows the even heart beat. As body temperature subsequently(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) often leads to an impairment of the respiratory system. The more rostral the level of injury, the more likely the injury will affect ventilation. In fact, respiratory insufficiency is the number one cause of mortality and morbidity after SCI. This review highlights the progress that has been made in basic and clinical research,(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Hemisection of the cervical spinal cord results in paralysis of the ipsilateral hemidiaphragm. Removal of sensory feedback through cervical dorsal rhizotomy activates latent respiratory motor pathways and restores hemidiaphragm function. Because systemic administration of serotonin 1A receptor (5HT1A) agonists reversed the altered(More)
Upper cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) alters respiratory output and results in a blunted respiratory response to pH/CO2. Many SCI studies have concentrated on respiratory changes in neural function caudal to injury; however few have examined whether neural plasticity occurs rostral to SCI. Golder et al. (2001a) showed that supraspinal changes occur to(More)
This study examined the effect of hypothermia on respiratory neural output from brainstem-spinal cord preparations of a cold tolerant rodent, the Syrian hamster. Brainstem-spinal cords from neonatal hamsters (0-6 days) were placed in a recording dish and respiratory-like neural activity was recorded from roots of the first cervical nerve. The preparations(More)
PURPOSE This open-label, multicenter trial evaluated the efficacy of a mucoadherent, anesthetic medication (MGI 209) for relief from painful oral ulcers associated with cytotoxic chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-eight eligible cancer patients who had up to five discrete oral ulcers (total area < or = 5 cm2) completed this study. Mean age was 53.5(More)
Hemisection of the cervical spinal cord causes paralysis of the ipsilateral hemidiaphragm in adult rats. Activation of a latent crossed phrenic motor pathway can restore diaphragmatic function, although structural changes take place before the pathway can be activated. Since mechanisms are employed to eliminate non-functional projections during development,(More)
To determine whether metabolic rate is suppressed in a temperature-independent fashion in the golden-mantled ground squirrel during steady state hibernation, we measured body temperature and metabolic rate in ground squirrels during hibernation at different T(a)'s. In addition, we attempted to determine whether heart rate, ventilation rate, and breathing(More)