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New theoretical and practical concepts are presented for considerably enhancing the performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by means of arrays of multiple receiver coils. Sensitivity encoding (SENSE) is based on the fact that receiver sensitivity generally has an encoding effect complementary to Fourier preparation by linear field gradients. Thus,(More)
BACKGROUND MR tissue tagging allows the noninvasive assessment of the locally and temporally resolved motion pattern of the left ventricle. Alterations in cardiac torsion and diastolic relaxation of the left ventricle were studied in patients with aortic stenosis and were compared with those of healthy control subjects and championship rowers with(More)
Myocardial tagging is a powerful tool for the assessment of in-plane cardiac motion. However, for previous myocardial tagging techniques, the imaged slice is fixed with respect to the magnet coordinate system. Thus, images acquired at different heart phases do not always represent the same slice of the myocardium. A new myocardial tagging technique is(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic dysfunction with delayed relaxation and abnormal passive elastic properties has been described in patients with severe pressure overload hypertrophy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the time course of rotational motion of the left ventricle in patients with aortic valve stenosis using myocardial tagging. METHODS Myocardial(More)
A method for magnetic resonance cine velocity mapping through heart valves with adaptation of both slice offset and angulation according to the motion of the valvular plane of the heart is presented. By means of a subtractive labeling technique, basal myocardial markers are obtained and automatically extracted for quantification of heart motion at the(More)
MRI is established as an important diagnostic tool in medicine. However, the presence of a cardiac pacemaker is usually regarded as a contraindication for MRI due to safety reasons. The aim of this study was to investigate the state of a pacemaker reed switch in different orientations and positions in the main magnetic field of 0.5-, 1.5-, and 3.0-T MRI(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging with preceding tissue tagging is a robust method for assessing cardiac motion of the entire heartbeat cycle with a high degree of accuracy. One limitation of this technique, however, is the low resolution of the obtained displacement map of the labeled points within the myocardium. By a new tagging technique, which is based on the(More)
Stimulated echoes are widely used for imaging functional tissue parameters such as diffusion coefficient, perfusion, and flow rates. They are potentially interesting for the assessment of various cardiac functions. However, severe limitations of the stimulated echo acquisition mode occur, which are related to the special dynamic properties of the beating(More)
Methods are lacking for accurate, noninvasive circumferential edge detection and wall shear stress calculation. Using standard MR phase contrast sequences, parts of the velocity profiles were fitted to a multiple sectored three-dimensional paraboloid model enabling exact calculation of vessel wall position and wall shear stress in 24 locations evenly(More)
INTRODUCTION As suggested earlier by various authors [1-5] the sensitivity of a receiver coil may be regarded as a modification of the harmonic encoding functions in Fourier imaging. According to this view parallel acquisition with an array of receiver coils yields distinct spatial information in each channel. However, special image reconstruction methods(More)