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In electrical impedance tomography (EIT), an estimate for the cross-sectional impedance distribution is obtained from the body by using current and voltage measurements made from the boundary. All well-known reconstruction algorithms use a full set of independent current patterns for each reconstruction. In some applications, the impedance changes may be so… (More)

In electrical impedance tomography an approximation for the internal resistivity distribution is computed based on the knowledge of the injected currents and measured voltages on the surface of the body. It is often assumed that the injected currents are confined to the two-dimensional (2-D) electrode plane and the reconstruction is based on 2-D… (More)

The solution of impedance distribution in electrical impedance tomography is a nonlinear inverse problem that requires the use of a regularization method. The generalized Tikhonov regularization methods have been popular in the solution of many inverse problems. The regularization matrices that are usually used with the Tikhonov method are more or less ad… (More)

A method for the single-trial estimation of the evoked potentials is proposed. The method is based on the so-called subspace regularization approach in which the second-order statistics of the set of the measurements is used to form a prior information model for the evoked potentials. The method is closely related to the Bayesian estimation. The performance… (More)

In the basis constraint method a conductivity distribution is approximated as a linear combination of some preselected basis functions. In this paper the linearized version of the method is proposed and its applicability to estimate conductivity changes of the human thorax is established. The results show that the method is capable of estimating… (More)

A trend in EEG measurements is to increase the number of measurement electrodes in order to improve the spatial resolution of the recorded voltage distribution at the scalp. It is assumed that this would implicate better accuracy in the EEG inverse estimates. However, this does not necessarily hold. The reason for this is that the electrodes create a well… (More)

The accuracy of the head model affects the solutions of the EEG inverse problems. If a simple three-sphere model and standard conductivity values for brain, skull and scalp regions are used, significant errors may occur in the dipole localisation. One of the most sensitive head model parameters is the conductivity of the skull. A realistic three-dimensional… (More)

In electrical impedance tomography (EIT), difference imaging is often preferred over static imaging. This is because of the many unknowns in the forward modelling which make it difficult to obtain reliable absolute resistivity estimates. However, static imaging and absolute resistivity values are needed in some potential applications of EIT. In this paper… (More)

In this study we consider the recovery of smooth region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE −∇ · a∇Φ + bΦ = f from data on the exterior boundary ∂Ω. The assumption is that the values of the coefficients (a, b) are known a priori but the information about the geometry of the smooth region boundaries where a and b are discontinous… (More)

In this paper, a coupled radiative transfer equation and diffusion approximation model is extended for light propagation in turbid medium with low-scattering and non-scattering regions. The light propagation is modelled with the radiative transfer equation in sub-domains in which the assumptions of the diffusion approximation are not valid. The diffusion… (More)