Marko Sallisalmi

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BACKGROUND The microcirculation regulates the supply of oxygen and nutrients to tissues. The sublingual region is frequently used as a window to microcirculation in critically ill patients. Numerous studies have reported impaired sublingual microcirculatory flow. We hypothesized that the quality of sidestream dark field imaging (SDF) recordings could be(More)
Calcium channel blocker (CCB) overdose is often lethal. Conventional medical treatment includes i.v. calcium, high doses of catecholamines, insulin, and glucagon. A new inotropic drug, levosimendan, should be considered in severe CCB poisoning. Levosimendan's pharmacologic features differ from other inotropic drugs. It is a calcium sensitizer and improves(More)
BACKGROUND Constituents of vascular endothelial surface layer (glycocalyx), e.g. an anchor protein syndecan-1 (SDC-1), can be detected in plasma in many inflammatory conditions. In inflammation, vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is rapidly translocated to the apical side of the endothelial cells and may be released to plasma in a soluble form. We(More)
BACKGROUND Total plasma hyaluronan concentration is increased in septic shock. High-molecular-weight hyaluronan has a high intrinsic viscosity. Excessive release of high-molecular-weight hyaluronan in sepsis may induce hyperviscosity. METHODS Plasma viscosity and the molecular size of plasma hyaluronan were determined in 20 patients with septic shock and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Levosimendan, an inodilator without proarrhythmogenic properties, has been shown to reverse ropivacaine-induced negative inotropy in isolated heart preparations. In this randomized and blinded study, we investigated whether levosimendan is able to reverse rapidly bupivacaine-induced myocardial depression in pigs. METHODS Twenty(More)
BACKGROUND The thickness of vascular endothelial glycocalyx layer can be measured indirectly during a spontaneous leukocyte passage from oral submucosal capillaries in humans. The subsequent differences in red blood cell (RBC) column widths, before a spontaneous white blood cell passage (pre-WBC) and after a spontaneous WBC passage (post-WBC) can be used in(More)
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