Marko P. Hekkert

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This paper addresses interactions between technological innovation systems (TIS) and wider “context structures”. While TIS studies have always considered various kinds of contextual influences, we suggest that the TIS framework can be further strengthened by a more elaborated conceptualization of TIS context structures and TIS–context interactions. For that(More)
We examine the view that the success of emerging technologies may be understood using a technological innovation systems analysis, drawing on a system functions approach. This is done in the context of a case study of the successful diffusion of biomass digestion technology in Germany. We show that that all system functions that are claimed to be important(More)
The direction and speed of socio-technological transformations are largely determined by the cumulative innovation decisions of individual actors. Since innovations are so closely linked to the perception of uncertainties, identifying the major sources of uncertainty can provide essential insights for managing such transformations. The objective of this(More)
Well to wheel (WTW) analyses mainly focus on alternative road fuel/vehicle systems that are very different from the current crude oil based individual transport system. A large share of WTW chains evaluated require changes in the energy source, new fuel production facilities, different fuel distribution systems and also modifications of the vehicles. An(More)
Technological transitions generally involve multiple transition steps. Due to path dependence, an initial transition step may cut off other possible development trajectories, which later may turn out to be more desirable. For this reason, initial transition steps should allow for future flexibility, where we define flexibility as robustness regarding(More)
Emerging renewable energy technologies cannot break through without the involvement of entrepreneurs who dare to take action amidst uncertainty. The uncertainties that the entrepreneurs involved perceive will greatly affect their innovation decisions and can prevent them from engaging in innovation projects aimed at developing and implementing emerging(More)