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AIMS Patient access to reperfusion therapy and the use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) or thrombolysis (TL) varies considerably between European countries. The aim of this study was to obtain a realistic contemporary picture of how patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are treated in different European countries. (More)
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred reperfusion strategy for ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). In comatose survivors of cardiac arrest, mild induced hypothermia (MIH) improves neurological recovery. In the present study, we investigated feasibility and safety of combining primary PCI and MIH in comatose(More)
BACKGROUND Even though time-to-treatment has been shown to be a determinant of mortality in primary angioplasty, the potential benefits from early pharmacological reperfusion by glycoprotein (Gp) IIb-IIIa inhibitors are still unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to combine individual data from all randomised trials conducted on facilitated primary(More)
Due to significant improvement in the pre-hospital treatment of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), an increasing number of initially resuscitated patients are being admitted to hospitals. Because of the limited data available and lack of clear guideline recommendations, experts from the EAPCI and "Stent for Life" (SFL) groups reviewed(More)
OBJECTIVES In the current operation of automated external defibrillators, substantial time may be consumed for a "hands off" interval during which precordial compression is discontinued to allow for automated rhythm analyses before delivery of the electric countershock. The effects of such a pause on the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation were(More)
Indirect measurement of gastric intramural pH (pHG) utilizing a luminal tonometer in the stomach has been proposed for monitoring the severity and progression of perfusion failure. In the present study, we investigated gastric PCO2 and pHG as indicators and quantitators of the severity of perfusion failure in the experimental rodent model of both(More)
BACKGROUND Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at an increased risk for premature coronary artery disease. However, the clinical outcome of HIV-infected patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. METHODS We studied 24 consecutive HIV-infected patients admitted because of AMI. During the hospital phase,(More)
Measurement of gastric wall PCO2 has emerged as a promising monitor of perfusion deficits during low-flow states of circulatory shock. In the present study, gastric luminal PCO2 measured with the gastric tonometer was compared with the PCO2, measured directly in the wall of the stomach during hemorrhagic shock in two groups of five Sprague-Dawley rats. One(More)
The Early Glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors in Primary angioplasty (EGYPT) cooperation aimed at evaluating, by pooling individual patient's data of randomized trials, the benefits of pharmacological facilitation with Gp IIb-IIIa inhibitors among STEMI patients undergoing primary angioplasty. In the current study we analyze the benefits of early Gp IIb-IIIa(More)
Because an acute coronary thrombotic event may be viewed as the main trigger of sudden cardiac arrest, urgent coronary angiography followed by percutaneous coronary intervention appeared as a promising tool in the early postresuscitation phase. Unfortunately, large randomized trials, which have unequivocally demonstrated benefits of urgent percutaneous(More)