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AIMS Patient access to reperfusion therapy and the use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) or thrombolysis (TL) varies considerably between European countries. The aim of this study was to obtain a realistic contemporary picture of how patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are treated in different European countries. (More)
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred reperfusion strategy for ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). In comatose survivors of cardiac arrest, mild induced hypothermia (MIH) improves neurological recovery. In the present study, we investigated feasibility and safety of combining primary PCI and MIH in comatose(More)
BACKGROUND Epinephrine has been the mainstay for cardiac resuscitation for more than 30 years. Its vasopressor effect by which it increases coronary perfusion pressure is likely to favor initial resuscitation. Its beta-adrenergic action, however, may have detrimental effects on postresuscitation myocardial function when administered before resuscitation(More)
BACKGROUND In a rodent model of cardiac arrest and resuscitation in which the inspired gas mixture was enriched with oxygen, resuscitability and survival were unaffected by positive pressure ventilation. In the present study, in a larger animal model, tidal volumes generated during precordial compression and with spontaneous gasping were quantitated. (More)
AIMS Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the preferred reperfusion therapy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We conducted this study to evaluate the contemporary status on the use and type of reperfusion therapy in patients admitted with STEMI in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) member countries. METHODS AND RESULTS A(More)
OBJECTIVES In the current operation of automated external defibrillators, substantial time may be consumed for a "hands off" interval during which precordial compression is discontinued to allow for automated rhythm analyses before delivery of the electric countershock. The effects of such a pause on the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation were(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to confirm the cardioprotective effects of hypothermia using a combination of cold saline and endovascular cooling. BACKGROUND Hypothermia has been reported to reduce infarct size (IS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions. METHODS In a multicenter study, 120 patients with ST-segment elevation(More)
Postresuscitation electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients with aborted cardiac death may demonstrate ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), ST-T changes, intraventricular conduction delay, or other nonspecific findings. In the present study, we compared ECG to urgent coronary angiogram in 158 consecutive patients with STEMI and 54 patients not fulfilling(More)
BACKGROUND Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at an increased risk for premature coronary artery disease. However, the clinical outcome of HIV-infected patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. METHODS We studied 24 consecutive HIV-infected patients admitted because of AMI. During the hospital phase,(More)
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) voltage was previously identified as a predictor of the success of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In the present study we investigated the mechanism by which VF voltage predicts the success of cardiac resuscitation in a well-established rodent model of cardiac arrest. After 4 minutes of untreated VF, precordial compression was(More)