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In this study we show the inheritance of a CD4+ CD8+ peripheral Tcell population in the H.B15 chicken strain. A large proportion of alphabeta T cells in peripheral blood (20-40%), spleen (10-20%) and intestinal epithelium (5-10%) coexpress CD4 and CD8alpha, but not CD8beta. CD4+ CD8alpha alpha cells are functionally normal T cells, since they proliferate in(More)
To measure turkey CD4 and CD8 T cell levels, the cross-reactivity of mouse anti-chicken CD4 and CD8 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) with turkey leucocytes was tested by flow cytometric analysis of blood obtained from individuals in five turkey lines. The turkey lines used included a randombred control population (RBC2), a subline (F) of RBC2 selected for(More)
We report here the structural basis of CD8 polymorphism in the chicken. Three chicken strains (RPRL Line 7, H.B15.H7, and H.B15. H12) have 14 nucleotide differences in the CD8A cDNA sequence causing eight amino acid replacements in the extracellular part of the molecule. Only two amino acid replacements and four silent mutations were observed in the CD8B(More)
CD8 is a heterodimeric cell surface glycoprotein expressed primarily on thymocytes and a subpopulation of mature T lymphocytes. It binds to the invariant part of the major histocompatibility complex class I molecule and participates in antigen recognition by the major histocompatibility complex class I restricted T cells. As in mammalian species, the(More)
We have created a panel of mouse monoclonal antibodies detecting different epitopes on avian CD4 molecule. Two-color immunofluorescence analysis shows that chicken peripheral alpha beta T cells are either CD4 or CD8 single positive whereas most gamma delta T cells are CD4-negative both in the thymus and peripheral tissues. Unlabeled antibody competition(More)
To investigate the effect of BW selection on immune cell populations of turkeys, T lymphocyte subpopulation analyses were conducted using peripheral blood from lines selected for increased BW and a randombred control population. The lines used included an experimental line (F) selected long-term for increased 16 wk BW, a randombred control line (RBC2) that(More)
Urocanic acid (UCA) is formed in the epidermis where it accumulates to be converted from trans- to cis-UCA by ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The two isomers modulate immune functions in several experimental systems. In particular, cis-UCA has been shown to induce antigen-specific immune tolerance, but the molecular mechanism of this effect is unknown. The(More)
This newly developed HLA-B27 assay combines a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from blood spot samples with solution hybridisation in microtitration plate and with time-resolved fluorometry (TRF) as the detection system. In a multiplex amplification reaction, the 144 base pair region of HLA-B27 alleles is amplified with allele-specific primers simultaneously(More)
Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) of the small intestine are anatomically positioned to be in the first line of cellular defense against enteric pathogens. Therefore, determining the origin of these cells has important implications for the mechanisms of T cell maturation and repertoire selection. Recent evidence suggests that murine CD8 alpha alpha(More)