Marko Järvinen

Learn More
Direct in vivo Achilles tendon force measurements open up new possibilities for understanding the loading of the Achilles tendon during natural locomotion. This article describes how these human experiments can be performed. The results of these experiments imply that Achilles tendon forces are unexpectedly high in certain activities (e.g., hopping) and(More)
Despite improvements in wastewater treatment systems, the impact of anthropogenic nutrient sources remains a key issue for the management of European lakes. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) provides a mechanism through which progress can be made on this issue. The Directive requires a classification of the ecological status of phytoplankton, which(More)
The sources of carbon for the pelagic fish production in Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, were evaluated in a comprehensive multi-year study. Phytoplankton production was assessed from seasonal in situ 14C and simulated in situ results, using on-board incubator measurements and knowledge of the vertical distributions of chlorophyll and irradiance.(More)
Determinations of chlorophyll a and in vivo fluorescence of photosynthetic pigments were used to study vertical and horizontal distribution of phytoplankton in Lake Tanganyika (East Africa). Blue excited fluorescence (IVFb) was an approximate predictor of chlorophyll a at different depths and locations. Green excited fluorescence (IVFg), which reflects(More)
Cycling represents an activity, in which the leg extensor muscles have been thought to contract only concentrically. In the present investigation, the forces of the triceps surae muscles were recorded directly in vivo from the achilles tendon (AT) of a healthy male subject, who pedaled on the standard bicycle ergometer at varying work loads (88, 176, and(More)
We studied the potential nutrient limitation of phytoplankton by means of seston nutrient stoichiometry and nutrient enrichment bioassays in the epilimnion of Lake Tanganyika. In most cases, the particulate carbon to phosphorus (C:P) ratio was high and indicated moderate P deficiency, while the respective C:N ratio mainly suggested moderate N deficiency.(More)
Mechanical behavior of muscle and its control is largely unknown under normal movement conditions. The present report deals with the methodological development to record directly in vivo forces from the human achilles tendon (AT) when the subjects perform normal movements ranging from slow walking to maximal sprinting and jumping. The development began with(More)
Phytoplankton data from 606 lakes were used to characterize indicator taxa of near-pristine reference conditions in clearwater and humic lowland lakes of Northern and Central Europe. Reference lakes were selected based on low pressure from catchment land-use, low population density and the absence of point sources. Reference lakes had low phytoplankton(More)
Traditionally, chemical analyses are used in the assessment of contaminated soil and in monitoring the efficiency of soil remediation processes. We investigated if chemical analysis could be supported and even partly replaced by biological toxicity tests. In two case studies creosote-contaminated soil was composted outdoors in 5- and 100-m3 windrows.(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship between the achilles tendon force and the tendon force estimated from the ankle joint moment (EATF) during vertical jump. A healthy male subject performed the following jumps on the force platform: (a) maximal vertical jump from a squat position without counter-movement; (b) maximal(More)