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BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH), heat stroke, and exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis (ER) were suspected to be related syndromes. However, it is not known whether individuals with history of ER have an increased incidence of susceptibility to MH. To establish an association between ER and susceptibility to MH, the authors determined the MH status in(More)
BACKGROUND 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") can mediate acute toxic effects such as muscle rigidity, metabolic acidosis, and hyperthermia. Because of close clinical similarities, an association between MDMA intoxication and malignant hyperthermia (MH) was suggested. The aim of this study was to investigate whether MDMA is a trigger of MH(More)
Human malignant hyperthermia is a life-threatening genetic sensitivity of skeletal muscles to volatile anaesthetics and depolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs occurring during or after anaesthesia. The skeletal muscle relaxant dantrolene is the only currently available drug for specific and effective therapy of this syndrome in man. After its(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a biogenic amine that is distributed widely in various body tissues and cell types 1 and possesses a diversity of pharmacological effects at both central and peripheral sites. 5-HT is involved in the control of temperature regulation, cardiovascular function, muscle contraction and endocrine regulation. Peripherally,(More)
BACKGROUND Prehospital emergency care is provided in many European countries by specialised emergency physicians. However, little is known about the impact of experience and educational level of emergency physicians on providing prehospital care. METHODS During a 6-month period all deployments of an emergency physician-staffed ambulance in a metropolitan(More)
BACKGROUND 4-Chloro-m-cresol (4-CmC) induces marked contractures in skeletal muscle specimens from individuals susceptible to malignant hyperthermia (MHS). In contrast, 4-CmC induces only small contractures in specimens from normal (MHN) patients. 4-CmC is a preservative within a large number of commercially available drug-preparations (e.g., insulin,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The in vitro contracture test with halothane and caffeine is the gold standard for the diagnosis of susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia (MH). However, the sensitivity of the in vitro contracture test is between 97 and 99% and its specificity is 78-94% with the consequence that false-negative as well as false-positive test(More)
UNLABELLED Standardization of the in vitro contracture test (IVCT) for malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility has resulted in very rare false negative tests. However, false positive results stigmatizing the patient seem to be more frequent than false negative results and make supplementary tests desirable. This multicenter approach studied the(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of the serotoninergic system in malignant hyperthermia (MH) is not completely understood. The serotonin-2 (5HT(2A)) receptor agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane hydrochloride (DOI) induces typical MH symptoms, including skeletal muscle rigidity, an increase in body temperature, hyperventilation and acidosis(More)