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Pyrrolobenzosulfonamide, indolobenzosulfonamide and carbazolobenzosulfonamide derivatives with different acceptor groups were synthesized and their photophysical properties were compared. The electron donor linking sites are found to influence the emission characteristics of these compounds while acceptor linking sites have no noticeable effects on the(More)
Urea is considered a fundamental building block in prebiotic chemistry. Its formation on early Earth has not yet been explained satisfactorily and exogenous delivery has been considered. We report on the synthesis along with the first online and in situ identification of urea after exposing inorganic ices to ionizing radiation.
The remarkable versatility of triazenes in synthesis, polymer chemistry and pharmacology has led to numerous experimental and theoretical studies. Surprisingly, only very little is known about the most fundamental triazene: the parent molecule with the chemical formula N3 H3 . Here we observe molecular, isolated N3 H3 in the gas phase after it sublimes from(More)
We report on the formation of organic amide polymers via carbonyl–amino group linkages in carbon monoxide and ammonia bearing energetically processed ices of astrophysical relevance. The first group comprises molecules with one carboxyl group and an increasing number of amine moieties starting with formamide (45 u), urea (60 u), and hydrazine carboxamide(More)
A novel approach for the synthesis and identification of higher silanes (SinH2n+2, where n ≤ 19) is presented. Thin films of (d4-)silane deposited onto a cold surface were exposed under ultra-high-vacuum conditions to energetic electrons and sampled on line and in situ via infrared and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Gas phase products released by(More)
Exploiting photoionization reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry (PI-ReTOF-MS) combined with electronic structure calculations, it is shown that the hitherto elusive silylketene molecule (H3 SiC(H)=C=O)-the isovalent counterpart of the well-known methylketene molecule-is forming via interaction of energetic electrons with low-temperature silane-carbon(More)
We report the detection of triazane (N3 H5 ) in the gas phase. Triazane is a higher order nitrogen hydride of ammonia (NH3 ) and hydrazine (N2 H4 ) of fundamental importance for the understanding of the stability of single-bonded chains of nitrogen atoms and a potential key intermediate in hydrogen-nitrogen chemistry. The experimental results along with(More)
We irradiated binary ice mixtures of ammonia (NH3) and oxygen (O2) ices at astrophysically relevant temperatures of 5.5 K with energetic electrons to mimic the energy transfer process that occurs in the track of galactic cosmic rays. By monitoring the newly formed molecules online and in situ utilizing Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy complemented by(More)
Carbon monoxide is the second most abundant molecule on icy grains in the interstellar medium. These grains are under the influence of ionizing radiation, which induces the chemical reaction within the ice. Here we report the first observation of subliming pentacarbon dioxide (C5O2) after irradiation of pure carbon monoxide ice with energetic electrons. Our(More)
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