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BACKGROUND Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome shows great variation among epidemiological studies, which may be due to different diagnostic criteria. AIM To assess prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome according to various diagnostic criteria and to study differences in symptom severity, psychopathology, and use of health care resources between(More)
1 Atipamezole (4-(2-ethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)-1H-imidazole) was first introduced as a potent and specific alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist, but in some tissues [3H]atipamezole identifies an additional population of binding sites, distinct from both classical alpha2-adrenoceptors and I1- and I2-imidazoline receptors identified with(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to explore the utilization of health services by Finnish adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to assess the associated demographic and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS 556 Finnish IBD patients eligible for reimbursement for IBD medication according to the Social Insurance(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have more somatic and psychiatric comorbidity and use more health-care services for comorbid conditions than do other patients. Little is known about the frequency of comorbid symptoms among IBS sufferers in the general population and their influence on use of health-care facilities. The(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with depression have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) more often than do nondepressed patients, but the comorbidity of depression and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in the general population has received little study. AIM To study the co-occurrence of depressive and GI symptoms in a general population sample and to assess the rate of(More)
OBJECTIVE Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with increased use of health care services. This study aims to estimate the costs of IBS in relation to differing diagnostic criteria of IBS, duration of symptoms, gender, and age. MATERIAL AND METHODS A two-phase postal survey. Questionnaire I covering gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms by Manning and(More)
OBJECTIVE Abdominal bloating is reported by a majority of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. Excess colonic fermentation may cause gaseous symptoms. Several foodstuffs contain oligosaccharides with an α-galactosidic linkage that is resistant to mammalian hydrolases. Assisted hydrolysis by exogenous α-galactosidase enzyme (AG) could offer a way of(More)
Commonly used therapeutic products in constipation, i.e. fiber supplements and laxatives, are not sufficiently effective for intractable constipation. Biofeedback therapy is utilized in functional obstructed defecation syndrome. Botulin injections into the levator muscle have been described to be beneficial. For some patients, retrograde rectal lavage is(More)
BACKGROUND Grains are high in FODMAPs (Fermentable Oligo-, Di-, Monosaccharides And Polyols) and often considered as triggers of IBS symptoms. AIM To evaluate if rye bread low in FODMAPs would be better tolerated than regular rye bread in subjects with IBS. METHODS The study was conducted as a randomised double blind controlled cross-over study (n =(More)
The most common functional disorders of the digestive tract include the irritable bowel syndrome, functional dyspepsia, functional constipation and diarrhea. In addition to gastrointestinal symptoms, the patients exhibit other symptoms, particularly depression and anxiety, more frequently than in somatic bowel diseases. During therapy it is important to(More)