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Trichoderma reesei is the main industrial source of cellulases and hemicellulases used to depolymerize biomass to simple sugars that are converted to chemical intermediates and biofuels, such as ethanol. We assembled 89 scaffolds (sets of ordered and oriented contigs) to generate 34 Mbp of nearly contiguous T. reesei genome sequence comprising 9,129(More)
A novel endoglucanase from Trichoderma reesei, EGIII, has been purified and its catalytic properties have been studied. The gene for that enzyme (egl3) and cDNA have been cloned and sequenced. The deduced EGIII protein shows clear sequence homology to a Schizophyllum commune enzyme (M. Yaguchi, personal communication), but is very different from the three(More)
Previous studies on Melanocarpus albomyces laccase have shown that this enzyme is very interesting for both basic research purposes and industrial applications. In order to obtain a reliable and efficient source for this laccase, it was produced in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. Two approaches were used: production of a non-fused laccase and a(More)
We have crystallized the ascomycete laccase from Melanocarpus albomyces with all four coppers present and determined the crystal structure at 2.4 A resolution. The enzyme is heavily glycosylated and consists of three cupredoxin-like domains, similar to those found in the Cu-depleted basidiomycete laccase from Coprinus cinereus. However, there are(More)
Unfolded-protein response (UPR) denotes the upregulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident chaperone and foldase genes and numerous other genes involved in secretory functions during the accumulation of unfolded proteins into the ER. Overexpression of individual foldases and chaperones has been used in attempts to improve protein production in(More)
The lac1 gene encoding an extracellular laccase was isolated from the thermophilic fungus Melanocarpus albomyces. This gene has five introns, and it encodes a protein consisting of 623 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of the laccase was shown to have high homology with laccases from other ascomycetes. In addition to removal of a putative(More)
One strategy to obtain better yields of secreted proteins has been overexpression of single endoplasmic reticulum-resident foldases or chaperones. We report here that manipulation of the unfolded-protein response (UPR) pathway regulator, HAC1, affects production of both native and foreign proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The effects of HAC1(More)
Protein bodies (PBs) are natural endoplasmic reticulum (ER) or vacuole plant-derived organelles that stably accumulate large amounts of storage proteins in seeds. The proline-rich N-terminal domain derived from the maize storage protein γ zein (Zera) is sufficient to induce PBs in non-seed tissues of Arabidopsis and tobacco. This Zera property opens up new(More)
A cDNA coding for laccase was isolated from the ligninolytic fungus Trametes versicolor by RNA-PCR. The cDNA corresponds to the gene lcc1, which encodes a laccase isoenzyme of 498 amino-acid residues preceded by a 22-residue signal peptide. The lcc1 cDNA was cloned into the vector pHIL-D2 for expression in Pichia pastoris under the control of the AOX1(More)
Plant cell wall proteins called expansins are thought to disrupt hydrogen bonding between cell wall polysaccharides without hydrolyzing them. We describe here a novel gene with sequence similarity to plant expansins, isolated from the cellulolytic fungus Trichoderma reesei. The protein named swollenin has an N-terminal fungal type cellulose binding domain(More)