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Cholangitis and pancreatitis are severe complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Antibiotics have been considered important in preventing cholangitis, especially in those with jaundice. Some have suggested that bacteria may play a role in the induction of post-ERCP pancreatitis. It is not clear, however, whether the incidence(More)
BACKGROUND Booster vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria at 10-year intervals is commonly recommended. Reduced antigen content diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (dTpa) vaccines developed for booster vaccination of preschool children, adolescents, and adults are licensed for once-in-a-lifetime use in most countries. Objective. To(More)
For normal fertilization, the ovum must be picked up from the ovarian surface or from the abdominal cavity into the ampulla. The rapid transport of gametes includes a complex reorganization of the oviductal smooth muscle electrical activity that precedes the mechanical activity. The 3-day stay at the ampulla-isthmic junction requires both signals from the(More)
Administration of antimicrobial agents to subjects taking oral contraceptives has been reported to lead to contraceptive failure and subsequent pregnancy. In women taking oral contraceptives antimicrobial agents could have an effect on both endogenous hormone levels and on the metabolism of the exogenously administered steroids. To investigate these(More)
Estrogen metabolism in the human intestine was studied in two ways. Firstly, by measuring the excretion of 12 estrogens in pooled human late pregnancy feces before and during the administration of ampicillin (2 g/day). Secondly, by administering 5.4 and 20 mg of 16alpha-hydroxyestrone orally to two postmenopausal women and analyzing the estrogens in(More)
BACKGROUND Acute community-acquired sinusitis is considered a bacterial complication of the common cold. Radiologic abnormalities in sinuses occur, however, in most patients with upper respiratory virus infections. OBJECTIVE Assessment of the occurrence, clinical profile, laboratory findings, and outcome of radiologically confirmed sinusitis was carried(More)